Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-ZZ Others

[M-ZZ41] Marine manganese deposits: from basic to applied sciences

Wed. May 23, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Akira Usui(Marine Core Research Center, Kochi University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(国立研究開発法人海洋研究開発機構・海底資源研究開発センター, 共同), Takashi Ito(Faculty of Education, Ibaraki University), Chairperson:Usui Akira, Suzuki Katsuhiko(JAMSTEC), Takahashi Yoshio(東京大学)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[MZZ41-05] Mechanism of large isotope fractionation of molybdenum (VI) between seawater and ferromanganese oxides

*Masato Tanaka1, Daisuke Ariga2, Teruhiko Kashiwabara3, Yoshio Takahashi1 (1.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 3.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))

Keywords:molybdenum, ferromanganese oxide, isotope fractionation

Various trace elements are contained in ferromanganese crusts and nodules. The distribution of molybdenum (Mo) between seawater and marine ferromanganese oxides is one of the most important processes that influence the concentration of Mo in seawater. In this process, a large mass-dependent isotope fractionation between seawater and ferromanganese oxides was observed, where lighter isotopes of Mo were preferentially incorporated into ferromanganese oxides. The large isotopic fractionation of Mo is most likely caused by geometrical change from tetrahedral (Td) to distorted octahedral (Oh) during adsorption on manganese oxides based on X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. However, the mechanism to form distorted Oh adsorption structure still does not understand.
In this study, we used adsorbed species models of Mo on manganese oxide which relate to a proposed adsorption mechanism and investigated its structural parameters and isotope fractionations by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Results indicated that the modeled adsorbed species could reasonably explain both highly distorted geometries observed by XAFS spectra and the large isotope fractionation. In consideration of highly distorted adsorbed species with DFT calculation results, we concluded that two elemental properties of Mo(VI), namely d0-electronic configuration and appropriate ionic radius, lead to the large isotope fractionation. The former governs the geometrical characteristics of both Td and distorted Oh geometry, whereas the latter restricts its coordination environment.
The specific interaction of molybdate to manganese oxide can explain various natural phenomena: (i) manganese oxide is the host phase of molybdate in marine ferromanganese oxides, though most of negatively-charged ions are preferentially adsorbed on Fe (oxyhydr)oxides, (ii) the large isotope fractionation of molybdenum during its adsorption on natural ferromanganese oxides by the formation of distorted adsorbed species on manganese oxide.