11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[PCG22-08] Spatial distributions of AlO and SiO molecules around an aluminum-oxide-rich AGB star, W Hydrae
Keywords:ALMA, dust, observation
Silicon is a ten times more abundant element than aluminum in space. However, mid-infrared observations showed that many of oxygen-rich AGB stars are rich in aluminum oxide dust and poor in silicate dust contrary to expectations . It has remained a significant conundrum as to why aluminum oxide dust is abundant around oxygen-rich AGB stars.
AlO and SiO are gaseous molecules consumed to form aluminum oxide and silicate dust, respectively. We obtained the detailed images of AlO and 29SiO molecules around an aluminum oxide–rich AGB star, W Hydrae, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) .
The AlO molecules were distributed within three stellar radii, which was similar to the dust distribution observed previously [3, 4], whereas 29SiO was distributed in the accelerated wind beyond 5 stellar radii and more than 70% of SiO molecules remain in the gas phase without forming dust. These results indicate that a small addition of silicate dust to preexisting aluminum oxide, which grows and piles up near the star, may trigger the wind acceleration. The wind acceleration decreases the gas density, which would suppress further formation of silicate dust in the accelerated wind. The present study may explain common presence of aluminum-oxide-rich and silicate-poor AGB stars.
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