Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG22] New Developments of Planetary Sciences with ALMA

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takayuki Muto(Division of Liberal Arts, Kogakuin University), Munetake Momose(The College of Science, Ibaraki University), Hideo Sagawa(京都産業大学理学部, 共同), Masumi Shimojo(National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)

[PCG22-P01] Beam Pattern Modeling of ALMA Single-Dish Antenna and its Deconvolution

*Kazumasa Iwai1, Timothy Bastian2, Stephen White3, Masumi Shimojo4 (1.Institute for Space–Earth Environmental Research (ISEE), Nagoya University, 2.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 3.Space Vehicles Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 4.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)

Keywords:Sun, Chromosphere, Sun: radio radiation, ALMA, Single dish observation, Image deconvolution

We have investigated the beam pattern of the ALMA single-dish antenna, the so-called PM antenna for single-dish observations of the Sun. The Sun is an extended and strong radio source that requires a parameterization of the extended sidelobes, which have never been derived. The beam pattern of the telescope was modeled as a sum of Gaussian functions combined with the numerically-derived inner sidelobes. Then, the best model was derived using the solar limb, which is considered to be a sharp edge. We found that a simple sum of Gaussian functions can reconstruct the observed limb structure. The derived beam pattern was 10-40 times broader than the main beam. The real shape of the Sun was reconstructed through deconvolution of the derived beam pattern from an observed map. The deconvolution using maximum-entropy-method improved the image resolution, while the CLEAN algorithm does not show significant change after the deconvolution. The deconvolution image suggests that the observed solar limb should be lower by about 1000 K at Band 3 (107 GHz) and 800 K at Band 6 (248 GHz) than the actual limb.