[PCG23-P01] The homopause altitude of Martian atmosphere derived by the vertical N2/CO2 ratio profiles observed by MAVEN/IUVS.
Keywords:Mars, homopause, eddy diffusion
On Mars, there are a few limited previous observations of homopause so far. The Viking probe was the first to argue that it was located at ~120-130km altitude [Nier and McEloy. 1977]. Recently, Jakosky et al.  showed substantial variation of the homopause altitude from February 2015 to June 2016 by NGIMS onboard MAVEN. Due to the limitation of orbital motion, their results derived were not able to separate the local time, solar zenith angle, geographical location and season. NGIMS measurements are usually made above ~150km altitude along a long orbital-path in horizontal distance, generally 1500km although the homopause would be located at ~120km. This means that they have to assume isothermal temperature atmosphere to infer the homopause.
Imaging UltraViolet Spectrometer (IUVS) onboard MAVEN can cover the region between homopause and exobase in the range from 120 to 200km altitude. In addition, IUVS limb-observation is generally performed along the vertical track. IUVS measurements provide opportunities for investigating the homopause altitude directly and solving the source of the variations as seen in Jakosky et al.,. In this paper, we have investigated the seasonal variations and latitudinal variations of the homopause altitude of the Martian atmosphere by MAVEN/IUVS.
We used N2/CO2 profiles to infer the homopause altitudes in the period from October 2014 to May 2017. We applied a fit to the N2/CO2 profile in the range between 130 and 200km to extrapolate the profile to the homopause altitude, which represents the intersection with N2/CO2 value measured on the surface by Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) (cf. Mahaffy et al. ). In order to investigate the seasonal and latitudinal variations, we divided IUVS dataset into 4-seasons in solar longitude (Ls=30-60, Ls=120-160, Ls=200-300 and Ls=300-10 due to the difference of the homopause altitude trend). Only the dataset obtained in 10-14hr local time was analyzed in this study. The highest location of the homopause was seen at Ls=300-10 in the northern winter to spring. This indicates that the effect other than solar flux may play an important role on the homopause altitude. We also found that the slope of N2/CO2 profiles decreased in the period from Ls=200-300 to Ls=120-160. At Ls=300-10, it is noteworthy that the N2/CO2 values indicate relatively constant along the altitude below ~150km. This result may suggest the direct detection of the homopause in this altitude range. However, the constant value of N2/CO2 derived from our result below ~150km sometimes shows larger value than that obtained from MSL. The variability of N2/CO2 in season may need to be considered. As the surface N2/CO2 value larger, the homopause altitude becomes larger.
In this paper, we will also show the initial result of the eddy diffusion coefficient and its comparison with previous modeling predictions (e.g. Imamura et al.  and Leovy ).