3:00 PM - 3:15 PM
[PEM10-05] Statistical characteristics of mesospheric bore observed by IMAP/VISI
Keywords:Mesospheric Bore, Airglow Imaging, Atmospheric Tide, Mesospheric Inversion Layer, ISS-IMAP
Space-borne airglow imaging is a strong tool to study mesospheric bore with a wide field of view and global observational coverage. Geographical and seasonal variations of mesospheric bore ware derived from space-borne airglow imaging observations by the Visible and near Infrared Spectral Imager (VISI) of Ionosphere, Mesosphere, upper Atmosphere and Plasmasphere (IMAP) mission onboard the International Space Station. 307 mesospheric bores were observed by VISI in its operation period, from September 2012 to August 2015. The latitudinal distribution of mesospheric bore had occurrence peaks at the equator and the winter mid-latitude (~40º). The occurrence peak at the equator is especially high in the equinox seasons (more than 0.1event/observation time[hour]). In the solstice seasons, the dominant propagating direction of bore was winter to summer hemisphere. Very few westward propagating bore was observed. The preferential latitudes and seasons of mesospheric bore are same as the locations where the diurnal and semidiurnal tides have a large amplitude at mesopause altitude. This coincidence suggests that majority of mesospheric bore occurred in a ducting region caused by tidally induced mesospheric inversion layer.