Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM10] Coupling Processes in the Atmosphere-Ionosphere System

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 304 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Yuichi Otsuka(名古屋大学宇宙地球環境研究所), Chairperson:Chang Loren(National Central University, Taiwan)

9:00 AM - 9:20 AM

[PEM10-11] Impact of the lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation on thermospheric composition

★Invited Papers

*Liying Qian1, Jia Yue2,3 (1.University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 2.Center for Atmospheric Science, Hampton University, 3.ESSIC, University of Maryland College Park)

Keywords:Thermosphere Circulation, Thermosphere Composition, Ionosphere Winter Anomaly

Gravity wave forcing near the mesopause drives a summer-to-winter residual circulation in the mesosphere and a reversed, lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation. We conducted modeling studies to investigate how this lower thermospheric residual circulation impact thermospheric composition (O/N2). We found that the upwelling associated with the residual circulation significantly decreases O/N2 in winter and the downwelling in summer slightly increases O/N2. Consequently, the residual circulation reduces the summer-to-winter latitudinal gradient of O/N2, which causes the simulated latitudinal gradient of O/N2 to be more consistent with observations. The smaller summer-to-winter latitudinal gradient of O/N2 would decrease the ionosphere winter anomaly in model simulations, which would bring the simulated winter anomaly into better agreement with ionospheric observations. The lower thermospheric residual circulation may be a process that has been largely ignored but is very important to the summer-to-winter latitudinal gradients, as well as annual/semiannual variations in the thermosphere and ionosphere.