Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Sun. May 20, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 304 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Satonori Nozawa(名古屋大学宇宙地球環境研究所, 共同), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Yamamoto Mamoru, Nozawa Satonori

10:00 AM - 10:30 AM

[PEM13-05] Observations of concentric and medium scale traveling ionospheric disturbances triggered by typhoons using dense GNSS observations over Taiwan

★Invited Papers

*Charles Lin1, Min-Yang Chou1, Tung-Yuan Hsiao2 (1.Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, 2.Nuclear Science and Technology Development Center, National Tsing Hua University)

Keywords:Concentric Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances, Medium Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances, GNSS

In this study, we utilize hundreds of ground-based GNSS receivers over Taiwan to study the traveling ionospheric disturbances at the low-latitude region. During the typhoon approaching periods, we observe distinct concentric traveling ionospheric disturbances (CTIDs) produced by the typhoon induced concentric gravity waves. Following the CTIDs, the local generation of medium scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) was observed. The MSTIDs were formed mainly on the west edge of CTIDs suggesting the electrodynamic coupling of the CTIDs and MSTIDs. The CTIDs provide seeding ionospheric density and electric field perturbations that could accelerate the growth rate of Perkins instability and lead to the local generation of MSTIDs. A physical model of the coupling effect is also proposed.