Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Sun. May 20, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 304 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Satonori Nozawa(名古屋大学宇宙地球環境研究所, 共同), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Yoshikawa Akimasa, Yamamoto Mamoru

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[PEM13-14] Research project for investigation of active role of ionospheric dynamics on the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupled system

*Akimasa Yoshikawa1,2, Shinichi Ohtani3, Aoi Nakamizo4, Shun Imajo5 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, 2.International Center for Space Weather Science and Education, Kyushu University, 3.Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 4.Natinal Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 5.World Data Center for Geomagnetism, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling, active role of ionospheric dynamics

Ionospheric Hall effect strongly controls spatiotemporal evolution of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere (MI) coupling system.

Generation of polarization electric field at the conductivity gradient region causes rotation, shear, and acceleration and deceleration of ionospheric convection field in both local and global manners. The ionospheric polarization field activates upward shear Alfven wave that could cause ionospheric driven magnetospheric dynamics and induce new type of MI coupled current system.

Generation of induction electric field at the wave front of ionospheric disturbances enable to horizontally propagate an electrostatic type electric field as a result of coupling between magnetosonic mode and shear Alfven mode at the ionospheric E-layer induced by multistep Hall effect in a time domain. Understanding a combined effect of ionospheric polarization and induction on the ionospheric dynamics becomes key element formation of global current system from polar to equatorial ionosphere.

To understand active role of ionospheric dynamics on the global MI-coupled system, we coordinate integrated study of theory, numerical simulation, global observation of ionospheric dynamics and satellite observation of magnetospheric aspects. In this talk, we will discuss what is essential physics of this project, how to identify elementary components from coupled phenomena, and how to coordinate integrated study for understanding active role of ionospheric dynamics.