Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM15] Dynamics in magnetosphere and ionosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 303 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yoshimasa Tanaka(National Institute of Polar Research), Tomoaki Hori(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Aoi Nakamizo(情報通信研究機構 電磁波研究所, 共同), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Narita Yasuhito(Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[PEM15-26] On the generation of turbulence observed in the flank of Earth's magnetosphere

*Hiroshi Hasegawa1, Takuma Nakamura2, Daniel J Gershman3, Naritoshi Kitamura1, Yasuto Hoshi1, Yoshifumi Saito1, Barbara L Giles3, Christopher T Russell4, Benoit Lavraud5 (1.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2.Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Science, 3.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 4.Department of Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, 5.Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology)

Keywords:turbulence, magnetopause, Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, magnetic reconnection

Turbulence is ubiquitous in boundary layers of the Earth's flank magnetosphere, in association with large-scale eddies generated by the magnetopause Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) or electromagnetic fluctuations of spatiotemporal scales comparable to or smaller than proton cyclotron period/radius. Turbulence in this region is suggested to play a key role in transport of solar wind plasma into the magnetosphere especially under northward interplanetary magnetic field conditions. However, little is known about how smaller-scale electromagnetic turbulence is generated and whether the turbulence is responsible for the plasma transport or it is in fact a consequence of the mechanism causing the plasma transport. The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, four identical spacecraft launched in March 2015 and flying in formation, has been making plasma and electromagnetic field measurements at very high spatiotemporal resolutions in/around the dayside to flank magnetopause where the KHI or magnetic reconnection as a driver of turbulence can occur. In this study, we analyze and compare an MMS event on 8 September 2015 when KHI vortices were observed along the dusk-flank magnetopause and another event on 8 November 2015 when no KHI but magnetopause reconnection signatures were observed closer to the subsolar point. We reveal properties of turbulence induced by the KHI and discuss the role of the KHI in the generation of electromagnetic turbulence.