Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM15] Dynamics in magnetosphere and ionosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 303 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yoshimasa Tanaka(National Institute of Polar Research), Tomoaki Hori(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Aoi Nakamizo(情報通信研究機構 電磁波研究所, 共同), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Narita Yasuhito(Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[PEM15-27] Transmission of the magnetospheric electric fields to the middle and low latitude ionosphere as observed by the Hokkaido SuperDARN radar and HF Doppler sounders

*Takashi Kikuchi1,3, Kumiko K. Hashimoto2, Yusuke Ebihara3, Toshi Nishimura4, Ichiro Tomizawa5, Nozomu Nishitani1, Tsutomu Nagatsuma6 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Kibi International University, 3.Research Istitute for Sustainable Humanosphere, 4.Center for Space Physics, Boston University, 5.Center for Space Science and Radio Engineering, University of Electro-Communications, 6.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:middle and low latitude ionosphere, magnetospheric electric field, ionospheric electric field, magnetosphere-ionosphere-ground transmission line model, quasi-periodic DP2 fluctuations

The quasi-periodic DP2 fluctuations have been observed by magnetometers at high latitudes and dayside equator [Nishida, 1968] and their occurrence is simultaneous within the temporal resolution of 25s [Kikuchi et al., 1996]. The equatorial DP2 fluctuations are composed of the eastward electrojet (EEJ) and westward counterelectrojet (CEJ), which are caused by the convection and overshielding electric fields, respectively [Kikuchi et al., 2010]. In the present paper, we show that the DP2 electric fields were detected by the Hokkaido SuperDARN radar and HF Doppler sounder at middle and low latitudes, respectively on both the day- and night-sides. We also show that the DP2 electric fields induced the EEJ/CEJ in the nighttime equatorial ionosphere, which are in opposite direction to those on the dayside. We further confirmed the evening anomaly with the electric fields being in the same direction as in the day. All the local time and latitude features of the DP2 electric fields are the same as those of the geomagnetic sudden commencements [Kikuchi et al., 2016]. We suggest that the electric field and currents with periods ranging from 1 min to hours are associated with the electric potentials transmitted on the magnetosphere-ionosphere-ground transmission line [Kikuchi, 2014] on both the day- and night-sides.


Kikuchi , T., Y. Ebihara, K. K. Hashimoto, R. Kataoka, T. Hori, S. Watari, and N. Nishitani (2010), Penetration of the convection and overshielding electric fields to the equatorial ionosphere during a quasiperiodic DP 2 geomagnetic fluctuation event, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A05209, doi:10.1029/2008JA013948.

Kikuchi, T. (2014), Transmission line model for the near-instantaneous transmission of the ionospheric electric field and currents to the equator, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019515.

Kikuchi, T., K. K. Hashimoto, I. Tomizawa, Y. Ebihara, Y. Nishimura, T. Araki, A. Shinbori, B. Veenadhari, T. Tanaka, and T. Nagatsuma (2016), Response of the incompressible ionosphere to the compression of the magnetosphere during the geomagnetic sudden commencements, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JA022166.