Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM18] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 304 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(国立研究開発法人 情報通信研究機構), Chairperson:Takahashi Toru(極地研究所), Tao Chihiro

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[PEM18-08] Polarization electric field inside auroral patches: Simultaneous experiment of EISCAT radars and KAIRA

*Toru Takahashi1, Ilkka I. Virtanen2, Keisuke Hosokawa3, Yasunobu Ogawa1,4, Anita Aikio2, Hiroshi Miyaoka1,4, Antti Kero5 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Ionospheric Physics research unit, University of Oulu, 3.Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, University of Electro-communications, 4.Department of CommGraduate University for Advanced Studies, SOKENDAIunication Engineering and Informatics, University of Electro-communications, 5.Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu)

Keywords:aurora, EISCAT, KAIRA

We primarily concern with the motion of the auroral patches and the polarization electric field generated inside the auroral patches. We investigated those relationship using data obtained simultaneously with the EISCAT radars, KAIRA, and all-sky imagers on 9 November, 2015. This simultaneous observation provided the electric field, the electron density/temperature, and ion velocity/temperature with a temporal resolution of 1 min. Auroral patches were captured by the all-sky camera at Tromso from 02:40 to 03:10 UT. Based on the all-sky camera data, the drift speed of auroral patches was estimated from 313 to 383 m/s and its direction was almost east corresponding with the southward electric field from 14.1 to 17.2 mV/m. The convective electric field was derived about 14.9 mV/m in the southward direction by the EISCAT radars and KAIRA experiment. The electric field estimated from the drift speed of auroral patches approximately corresponded with the convective electric field. This indicates that the motion of the auroral patches was governed the convective electric field.

We found that the electron density increased in the lower E region (below 110 km) inside of these auroral patches. The Hall and the Pedersen conductance were calculated from the electron density data observed by the EISCAT VHF radar. Although the Hall conductance enhanced from 80 to 120 km, there were no remarkable enhancements in the height profile of the Pedersen conductance. Since the polarization electric field relative to the Hall conductance enhancement was likely to be generated inside the auroral patches in this case, we calculated the polarization electric field based on the current continuity. As a result of the calculation, the polarization electric field was estimated to be from 28.7 to 37.4 mV/m. However the observed ion velocity was much less than expected by the acceleration of the polarization electric field. If the polarization electric field was weakened to 40%, the observed and expected ion velocity showed the good agreement. Thus, the magnitude of polarization electric field was slightly small compared with the convective electric field and its direction was approximately perpendicular to the convective electric field. Furthermore, according to height profile of the ion velocity, the polarization electric field propagated up to 200 km at least. In this presentation, we will summarize these results and explain the generation mechanism of the polarization electric field inside the auroral patches.