Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM18] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(国立研究開発法人 情報通信研究機構)

[PEM18-P04] Study on geomagnetic responses of Na, Mg, and Mg+ layers based on Envisat/SCIAMACHY observations

*Takuo T. Tsuda1, John P. Burrows2, Christian von Savigny3, Martin P. Langowski3, Takuji Nakamura4, Mitsumu K. Ejiri4, Takanori Nishiyama4 (1.University of Electro-Communications, 2.University of Bremen, 3.University of Greifswald, 4.National Institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:Metallic atom layers, Metallic ion layers, Auroral activity, Envisat/SCIAMACHY

Metallic atom layers and metallic ion layers, such as Na, Mg, and Mg+ layers, exist in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT). The height range in the MLT region corresponds to the ionospheric D and E regions. Further, in the polar regions, the energetic particles precipitating from the magnetosphere can often penetrate into the E region and even into the D region. Consequently, the influence of energetic particles on the metallic layers is of interest regarding changes in the atmospheric composition accompanying auroral activity or geomagnetic activity.

In this study, we investigated the geomagnetic responses in the Na, Mg, and Mg+ layers using the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) onboard the Envisat. The results showed a significant decrease in the Na density at heights above 95 km at latitudes above 50ºS during geomagnetically active periods. In contrast, a significant increase in the Mg+ density was found at heights above 105 km at latitudes above 40ºS during geomagnetically active periods. The most probable explanation for the Na and Mg+ responses is the charge-transfer reactions triggered by ionization due to energetic particle precipitation during geomagnetically active periods.