Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM18] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(国立研究開発法人 情報通信研究機構)

[PEM18-P06] Faraday dispersive filter: optimum transmission profile for a sodium lidar temperature and wind observation

*Takuya Kawahara1, Satonori Nozawa2, Toru Takahashi5, Norihito Saito3, Takuo T. Tsuda4, Tetsuya Kawabata2, Satoshi Wada3 (1.Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 2.ISEEE, Nagoya University, 3.Photonics Control Technology Team, RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics, 4.The University of Electro-Communications, 5.National Institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:Mesosphere and lower Thermosphere region , sodium lidar, Faraday filter, daytime observation

Temperature and wind observations by a sodium lidar at EISCAT radar observation site in Tromsø (69.6N, 19.2E), Norway, have been conducted to study the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region between 80 and 115 km. The highly stable laser system is first of its kind to operate virtually maintenance-free during the observation season (from late September to March) since 2010. Now we plan to make all season observation with a ultra-narrow bandpass filter like a Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter which can be by far better than any commercial filter in terms of bandwidth, transition edge and peak transmission. We demonstrated several transmission calculations to find optimal transmission. Under the condition of 1 cm cell length, the peak transmission around 90 % is found at 0 GHz frequency offset, at the cell temperature of ~190 degree C, and at the magnetic field of between 1950 and 2500 Gauss. In this condition, we discuss the Na lidar “three-frequency method” to measure temperature and wind velocity.