Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM18] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(国立研究開発法人 情報通信研究機構)

[PEM18-P10] The effects of temperature and meridional neutral wind on the 630.0 nm nightglow

*Chih-Yu Chiang1, Sunny Wing-Yee Tam1, Tzu-Fang Chang2 (1.Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Japan)

Keywords:630.0 nm, nightglow, midnight temperature maximum, turning temperature, ISUAL

The ISUAL payload onboard the FORMOSAT-2 satellite had often observed airglow bright spots around midnight at equatorial latitudes. Such features had been suggested as the signature of thermospheric midnight temperature maximum (MTM) effect, implying an association between the emission intensity and the temperature. This study investigates the influence of neutral temperature and meridional neutral wind on the volume emission rates of the 630.0 nm nightglow. We utilize the SAMI2 model to simulate the charged and neutral species at the 630.0 nm nightglow emission layer under different temperatures with and without the effect of neutral wind. The results show that the neutral wind is more efficient than temperature variation in affecting the nightglow emission rates. The emission rate features a local maximum in its variation with the temperature. Two kinds of tendencies can be seen regarding the temperature that corresponds to the turning point, which is named the turning temperature (Tt) in this study: firstly, Tt decreases with the emission rate for the same altitude; secondly, Tt increases with the altitude for approximately the same emission rate.