1:45 PM - 2:00 PM
[PPS01-12] Solar wind influences on Jovian magnetosphere: The collaboration of Hisaki EXCEED, Juno and ground-based telescopes
Keywords:Jupiter, aurora, radiation belt, Hisaki
We made a statistical analysis of the total power variation of Jovian UV aurora obtained from Hisaki. We compared the total UV auroral power in 90-148 nm with the solar wind model. Previous observations such as those by the Hubble Space Telescope showed that the UV aurora and solar wind dynamic pressure had, at times, a positive correlation. We found from the data obtained in 2014-2015 that the auroral total power showed a positive correlation to the duration of a quiescent interval of the solar wind before the enhancements of the dynamic pressure. It is larger than the correlation to the amplitude of dynamic pressure enhancement. A similar trend was identified again in 2016 when Hisaki observed Jupiter with Juno in the upstream solar wind. During this period, the total intensity of IR H3+ aurora obtained by IRTF (Infrared Telescope Facility) CSHELL was also enhanced, which indicated the enhancement of heating and H3+ production in the thermosphere by the electron precipitations. One possible scenario to explain these results is that the magnetospheric plasma content controls the aurora response to the solar wind variation. Long quiescent interval would mean that the magnetospheric plasma supplied from Io is more accumulated in the magnetosphere. The solar wind compression of the magnetosphere shifts the plasma inward and increases the plasma temperature and density by adiabatic heating, which leads to an enhancement of the auroral field-aligned current density. We examined the solar wind control of Jovian UV aurora based on the global magnetohydrodynamic simulations for the different cases of the dynamic pressure and the quiescent interval of the solar wind. Although the field-aligned current based on the method proposed by Hasegawa and Sato  can increase with a rise of the dynamic pressure, our model could not find the dependence with the quiescent period.
Continuous Hisaki observations also revealed that the dawn-dusk asymmetry of IPT changes in days to weeks, which suggests that the dawn-dusk electric field also varies within the timescale of days to weeks. If this global electric field affects inside the magnetosphere, the brightness distribution of Jovian Synchrotron Radiation (JSR) can also change. The coordinated observations of Hisaki and Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope showed that the observation in 2014 had little correlation with IPT while the observation in 2016 showed a correlation. The effect of the dawn-dusk electric field on the spatial variation of the radiation belt is still unclear, and further observation would be needed. The variation of the dawn-dusk electric field could also affect to the radial diffusion of the energetic electrons. It is well known that the total flux density of JSR varies by 20-30 % with a time scale of several years, which is well correlated to the solar wind dynamic pressure with a lag time of two years, however, the reason still remains unclear. Our numerical calculation showed that two years lag time can be explained by the radial diffusion driven by the dawn-dusk electric field.