Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS02] Regolith Science

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Koji Wada(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology), Akiko Nakamura(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Patrick Michel(共同), Kevin John Walsh (Southwest Research Institute Boulder)

[PPS02-P08] Searching SCI craters: Results of a Hayabusa2 landing site selection dry-run

*Yuri Shimaki1, Koji Wada2, Kei Shirai1, Masahiko Arakawa3, Toshihiko Kadono4, Ko Ishibashi2, Hiroshi Kimura2, Yasuhiko Takagi5, Naru Hirata6, Masahiko Hayakawa1, Tomokatsu Morota7, Eri Tatsumi8, Masanori Kanamaru9, Naoya Sakatani10, Shingo Kameda11, Seiji Sugita8, Tatsuhiro Michikami12, Satoshi Tanaka1, Akira Miura1, Tomohiro Yamaguchi1, Manabu Yamada2, Rie Honda13, Yasuhiro Yokota1, Tomoki Nakamura14, Hirotaka Sawada1, Kazunori Ogawa3, Takanao Saiki1, Yukio Yamamoto1, Hiroki Senshu2, Takaaki Noguchi15, Sei-ichiro Watanabe7 (1.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2.Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.Kobe University, 4.UOEH, 5.Aichi Toho University, 6.The University of Aizu, 7.Nagoya University, 8.The University of Tokyo, 9.Osaka University, 10.Meiji University, 11.Rikkyo University, 12.Kinki University, 13.Kochi University, 14.Tohoku University, 15.Kyushu University)

Keywords:Hayabusa2, Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI) , impact crater

The Hayabusa2 mission plans to create an artificial crater by Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI) onboard the Hayabusa2 spacecraft (SC) to access the interior of the C-type asteroid Ryugu. Deployable CAMera system 3 (DCAM3) onboard the SC will be separated from the SC during the SCI operation and observe in-situ crater formation. Optical Navigation Camera (ONC) onboard the SC will take scanning images of the cratered area from 1.5 km altitude 2-weeks before and after the SCI operation, which enable us to find the SCI crater. Landing Site Selection for the third touch down nearby the SCI crater (LSS-SCI) will be performed within 3 days after the post SCI-crater searching operation. We carried out the LSS-SCI dry-run test by using the asteroid Ryugu analog shape model “Ryugoid”. ONC images were synthesized from the shape model by simulating observation conditions planned for the pre- and post-SCI-crater searching operation. In the shape model for the post SCI-crater searching operation, a total of 18 or 19 SCI-craters and 2 or 3 MASCOTs (Mobile Asteroid surface SCOuT, a lander developed by DLR and CNES) were created on the Ryugoid surface to simulate various conditions of SCI impacts and MASCOT landings. By comparing pre- and post-impact images, it was confirmed in the first review meeting that our searching team discovered 13 craters and 2 MASCOTs. We found it difficult to identify craters less than 10 pixels in the low altitude images. We noticed the necessity of quickly recognizing artifact noises derived from image processing such as radiometric, distortion, and photometric corrections including flat-field calibration. In the dry-run test, procedures on data processing, data supply for the searching team, and band selection were also established. The presence of undiscovered craters suggests that some craters are formed in the shadow of large boulders or out of the observation area, or hard to be identified due to lack of pre-impact images. We will introduce progress and struggle of the searching team.