Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS04] Results from Akatsuki and advances in Venus science

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Takeshi Horinouchi(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masaru Yamamoto(九州大学応用力学研究所, 共同), Kevin McGouldrick(University of Colorado Boulder), Chairperson:Horinouchi Takeshi, Satoh Takehiko

11:25 AM - 11:40 AM

[PPS04-08] Cloud top structure revealed by Akatsuki IR2 dayside images

*Takao M. Sato1, Takehiko Satoh1, Yeon Joo Lee2, Shin-ya Murakami1, Kazunori Ogohara3, Yasumasa Kasaba4 (1.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2.University of Tokyo, 3.University of Shiga Prefecture, 4.Tohoku University)

Keywords:Venus, atmosphere, Akatsuki, cloud structure, radiative transfer

The 2-micron camera (IR2) onboard Japanese Venus orbiter, Akatsuki had regularly observed Venus with four narrow-band filters (1.735, 2.02, 2.26, and 2.32 micron) from the late of March, 2016 until the electronic device was unable to control IR2 on December 9, 2016. For approximately nine months, we accumulated more than 3,000 dayside and nightside images of Venus. The main purposes of analyzing IR2 data are (i) to study the dynamics in the upper, middle, and lower atmosphere with the cloud-tracked winds, (ii) to derive the cloud top altitude with the 2.02 micron channel which is located in a CO2 absorption band, (iii) to deduce CO distribution, which is thought to be a good tracer of the atmospheric circulation below the massive clouds, by utilizing the 2.26 and 2.32 micron channels, and (iv) to investigate aerosol properties of the lower clouds with the 1.735 and 2.26 micron channels.

For purposes (ii)-(iv), we have developed a line-by-line based radiative transfer model for generating synthetic radiance at the IR2 channels. For both solar and thermal radiation cases, adding doubling method (Hovenier et al., 2004; Liu and Weng, 2006) is selected for solving multiple scattering by clouds and molecules. We considered a total of eight molecules (H2O, CO2, CO, SO2, HF, HCl, OCS, and N2) and line parameters of the first three molecules are taken from HITEMP10 and those of the others are from HITRAN12. For all considered molecules, their line shapes are modelled as Voigt function with cutoff of 125 cm-1. For CO2, additional modification is done based on Tonkov et al. (1996). A cloud model consisting of four modal cloud particles with a mixture of 75% H2SO4 and 25% H2O is taken from Haus et al. (2015). This model was tested from near-infrared to mid-infrared ranges for the spectral analyses of Venus Express and Venera 15 data, which is useful for interpreting the very limited spectral information such as Akatsuki data.

In this presentation, we will show the detail of the radiative transfer modeling for analyzing the IR2 data and spatiotemporal variations of the cloud top altitude revealed by the IR2 dayside images.