Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS04] Results from Akatsuki and advances in Venus science

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Takeshi Horinouchi(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masaru Yamamoto(九州大学応用力学研究所, 共同), Kevin McGouldrick(University of Colorado Boulder), Chairperson:Imamura Takeshi(Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo), Horinouchi Takeshi

1:45 PM - 2:05 PM

[PPS04-11] Interaction between the thermosphere and the cloud-level atmosphere of Venus inferred from simultaneous observations by Hisaki and Akatsuki

★Invited Papers

*Yusuke Nara1, Takeshi Imamura1, Ichiro Yoshikawa1, Kazuo Yoshioka1, Kei Masunaga2, Atsushi Yamazaki3, Shigeto Watanabe4, Manabu Yamada5, Yeon Joo Lee1, Naoki Terada6, Kanako Seki7 (1.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences,The University of Tokyo, 2.Swedish Institute of Space Physics, 3.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 4.Hokkaido Information University, 5.Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, 6.Planetary Atmospheric Physics Group, Tohoku University, 7.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, the University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Venus, UVI/Akatsuki, EXCEED/Hisaki, Simultaneous observation

Recent studies on the Venus’ upper atmosphere suggest that atmospheric waves may propagate from the middle atmosphere to the thermosphere (e.g., Masunaga et al., 2017). To understand the role of vertically propagating waves, simultaneous observations of the cloud-level atmosphere and the thermosphere of Venus are necessary.
Hisaki and Akatsuki observed Venus simultaneously in June 2017 and we analyzed the EUV OI (130.4 nm and 135.6 nm) dayglow obtained by the Extreme Ultraviolet Spectroscope for Exospheric Dynamics (EXCEED) on Hisaki and the UV contrast (365 nm) obtained by the Ultraviolet Imager (UVI) on Akatsuki. The OI emissions reflect the column density of the oxygen and the electron in the thermosphere, and the UV images reflect the spatial distributions of unidentified absorbers at the cloud top.
Analyzing the time series of the OI dayglow emissions and the UV contrast obtained by UVI, we identified periodicities of 3.5 days in both data. The wind velocity deduced with cloud tracking from UV images suggests that the 3.5-day periodicity can be associated with Kelvin waves at the cloud top; however, Kelvin waves should decay with height through radiative damping and will not reach the thermosphere. We propose an indirect process in which the Kelvin waves change the wind field periodically and this oscillating wind influences the vertical propagation of small-scale gravity waves.