[PPS05-P02] Formation of Smythii basin based on the iSALE code
The calculation domain of iSALE is the grid of 1 km/cell, 450 km along x-axis, and 250 km along y-axis. The areas of vacuum (100 km), crust (60 km), and mantle (90 km) are assumed along y-axis. The crust is basalt, and the mantle is dunite. The material of impactor is dunite, the impact speed is 21 km/s [Gomes et al., 2005], and the diameters are 10, 20, and 30 km. The other parameters were based on Miljković et al. . The geothermal gradients are 10, 20, 30, and 40 K/km. The surface temperature is 300 K, and this study assumed that the convection occurs at temperature more than 1300 K [e.g., Freed et al., 2014]. The calculation time was up to 2 hours from the basin formation.
This study confirmed that the radius and depth of the basin increased with the increase of the impactor’s diameter. In addition, when the geothermal gradient increased, the radius of basin increased and the depth of basin became shallow. In particular, the geological condition of Smythii basin (i.e., ~500 km in radius and 4.5 km in depth) could be explained when the geothermal gradient was more than 20 K/km and the impactor’s diameter was more than 30 km. This impact condition would be useful for understanding lunar thermal evolution. In the presentation, the recent progress will be reported.