1:45 PM - 2:00 PM
[PPS06-13] Experimental study of evaporation of CAI-like melts in low-pressure hydrogen gas and in vacuum
We used a synthetic glass (CAI4B2), of which composition is close to those of non-FUN forsterite-bearing CAIs of . Low-pressure hydrogen experiments were conducted at Hokkaido University using premelted glass samples on an Ir-wire loop. The sample was heated in a vacuum furnace to 1600°C, and H2 gas was introduced to keep a constant PH2of 1.6×10-4 bar during the run. After heating for a predetermined time period the sample was quenched by turning power off. Vacuum evaporation experiments were conducted at the University of Chicago using the same experimental protocol as in [2-5]. Weight and surface geometry of the samples were measured before and after each experiment. Texture and chemical composition of the evaporation residues were studied using a TESCAN LYRA3 FIB/FESEM with an Oxford AZtec X-ray microanalysis system.
Evaporation fluxes of Mg and Si were obtained by considering the weight losses and surface areas of samples. Silicon in low PH2 experiments evaporate by ~35% faster than Mg: JMg ~1.4×10-7 and JSi ~1.9×10-7 moles/cm2/s. Evaporation rates of Si and Mg in vacuum experiments (JMg~3.8×10-9 and JSi~4.6×10-9 moles/cm2/s) are about 40 times slower than in low PH2. Despite different evaporation rates of Si and Mg under the different conditions, we found that their evaporation trajectories are the same.
Vacuum evaporation rate of Mg determined in this study is slightly higher than that for CAIB melt at 1600°C , but are in good agreement with extrapolation from higher temperatures . The evaporation rates of Mg and Si in low PH2 are ~40 times larger than those in vacuum, while those at 1500°C and 1.8×10-4 bar were calculated to be ~100 times larger than in vacuum . Mg evaporation rate measured in our experiments is consistent with the extrapolated value from , which calculated the evaporation rates of Mg from CAI-like melt at 1500–1300°C when the evaporation coefficient of ~0.07 was adapted. The evaporation coefficient of ~0.07 is also consistent with those reported in vacuum experiments [2, 3]. The difference in evaporation rates in vacuum and in low-pressure hydrogen can be explained by the increase in the equilibrium vapor pressures of Mg and Si in the presence of H2. While H2promotes much faster evaporation of Mg and Si from CAI-like melts, it does not change the evaporation trajectory.Using all available data on evaporation rates of Mg and Si from CAI-like melts, we determined activation energies Ea,Mg=516±34 kJ/mole and Ea,Si=568±32 kJ/mole for vacuum evaporation. These activation energies also fit experimentally determined evaporation rates at PH2=2×10-4 bar at 1500°C and 1600°C.
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