[PPS06-P07] The shock history of the Asuka LL breccias from the bulk chemical composition and petrology
Keywords:ordinary chondrites, breccias, meteorites
Both meteorites have been classified as LL breccias. These breccias consist of various kinds of clasts among matrices. The clasts mostly fall into petrologic types 3, 4, 5/6. However, others clasts are present (e.g., melt and darkened clasts). The type 5/6 clasts and the matrices are the most abundant components, 46 and 48 vol.% in A 12011, and 43 and 44 vol.% in A 12389, respectively. The constituent phases are olivine, low- and high-Ca pyroxene, feldspar, phosphates (Cl-apatite and merrillite), chromite, Fe-Ni metal, and troilite. Olivine is mostly homogeneous, with an average composition of Fo72 in both breccias. Low-Ca pyroxene is En76 in A 12011 and En75 in A 12389 on average.
The bulk analysis of these samples are performed by solution ICP-MS method. The measurements were conducted on the Thermo Element XR of NIPR. We analyzed 38 elements, including REE. For major, minor, and trace elements such as Mg, Al, Cu, Zn, Sr, and Ba, A12011 and A 12389 show similar elemental abundances to each other, indicative of ordinary chondritic. This is consistent with the petrological observations that both breccias are similar in texture and mineralogy, and they show LL chondritic features. REE pattern of A12011 and A12389 are also similar to LL chondrite. However, the A 12389 REE pattern is slightly enriched, compared with A 12011 and ordinary chondrites. Although many breccias include exotic clasts such as carbonaceous chondritic, A 12011 and A12389 seem not to include these clasts from our petrological observation. This is also consistent with the bulk compositions. Thus, they are genomict breccias.
Our petrological and chemical data indicate that both Asuka breccias formed through extensive impact processes on LL parent body, and the interior materials consisting of type 5/6 were also excavated and reassembled into these breccias.