Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS09] Origin and evolution of materials in space

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Shogo Tachibana(UTokyo Organization for Planetary and Space Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Basic Science, Nagoya City University), Hideko Nomura(東京工業大学理学院地球惑星科学系, 共同), Takafumi Ootsubo(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Chairperson:Tachibana Shogo

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[PPS09-02] In-situ observation of heterogeneous nucleation of ice by ultrahigh-vacuum transmission electron microscope

*Akira Kouchi1, Yuki Kimura1, Tetsuya Hama1, Hiroshi Hidaka1, Kyoko Tanaka1, Naoki Watanabe1, Iyo Sugawara2, Shogo Tachibana3, Takashi Kozasa2 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, 3.School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:ice, heterogeneous nucleation, crystal, amorphous, morphology

Ices are ubiquitous in space. Crystallinity of ice is important to discuss the evolution of icy grains or icy bodies, because physical properties of amorphous and crystalline ices differ some orders of magnitude. However, there has been almost no systematic study investigating crystallinty of ices heterogeneously condensed on refractory grains at 80-150 K. Therefore, we observed heterogeneous nucleation of ices on some substrates at 80-145 K using ultrahigh-vacuum transmission electron microscope. We used following substrates: a-Mg2SiO4, organic refractory residue, a-C, a-Si and crystalline Al.
We found that at higher temperatures large islands of crystalline ice Ic were formed, and that with decreasing temperatures size and numbers of islands becomes smaller and larger, respectively. At temperatures below critical temperatures, uniform amorphous thin films were formed. The critical temperature on crystalline substrate (Al) is around 100 K, while those on amorphous substrates 125-130 K. These experimental results show the necessity of reinvestigation on the discussion of crystallinity of ices condensed in space (Kouchi et al., 1994) and collision-sticking process of icy grains.