Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS09] Origin and evolution of materials in space

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Shogo Tachibana(UTokyo Organization for Planetary and Space Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Basic Science, Nagoya City University), Hideko Nomura(東京工業大学理学院地球惑星科学系, 共同), Takafumi Ootsubo(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Chairperson:Tachibana Shogo

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[PPS09-06] Hydrogen and nitrogen isotope fractionation in star- and planet-forming regions

★Invited Papers

*Kenji Furuya1 (1.Center for Computer Sciences, University of Tsukuba)

Keywords:Isotope fractionation, Star- and planet-forming regions

Molecular isotope ratios are useful tools to investigate the molecular evolution in star- and planet-forming regions. Radio observations have revealed that molecules in star- and planet-forming regions are significantly enriched in deuterium. This can be, at least qualitatively, explained by low temperature (< several tens K) gas phase chemistry, which prefer transferring deuterium from HD (i.e., the main form of deuterium) to other molecules. On the other hand, it has been found that molecules in the cold gas of star-forming regions are not necessarily enriched in heavy nitrogen (15N), rather they tend to be depleted in 15N. The mechanism of 15N fractionation in star-forming regions remains unclear. In this presentation, we discuss recent observational and theoretical findings on hydrogen and nitrogen fractionation in star- and planet forming regions.