4:45 PM - 5:00 PM
[PPS09-12] Self-Diffusion of Atoms in Forsterite Glass
Keywords:Forsterite, Interstellar molecular clouds, Glass transition, Molecular dynamics
The MD calculations were performed using an atom-atom potential model with MXDORTO program . The potential parameters were empirically determined by constraining the model to reproduce the experimental results of density, thermal expansion coefficient, and bulk modulus . A fundamental orthorhombic cell consisting of 160 Mg2SiO4 with three-dimensional periodic boundary conditions was used. The glass structure was prepared by quenching the liquid phase from 3000 K to 10 K with 0.4 K/ps in rate. The quenched glass was warmed to 3000 K with the same rate. The MD code was run with NTP ensemble. The pressure was kept at 0.1 MPa.
The result shows that the increasing rate of enthalpy and the decreasing rate of density during the warming process change at 1567 K. This changing point is assigned as the transition point from glassy state to supercooled liquid state (Tg), because the value is significantly lower than the melting point of forsterite (2418 K for our potential model ). To investigate the transition mechanism, the self-diffusions of atoms were analyzed using mean-square displacement (MSD). At temperatures just below Tg, the temporal increase of MSD for magnesium was observed, whereas MSD of silicon was approximately constant. This indicates that the glass-supercooled liquid transition is induced by the self-diffusion of MgOx unit. From the analysis of spatial distribution of MSD of magnesium at temperatures just below Tg, it was found that the MSD value is inhomogeneous and local regions, which has a larger MSD value, exist in a glass structure. It is concluded that the forsterite glass around Tg is in a state of dynamic heterogeneities.
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