Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS09] Origin and evolution of materials in space

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shogo Tachibana(UTokyo Organization for Planetary and Space Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Basic Science, Nagoya City University), Hideko Nomura(東京工業大学理学院地球惑星科学系, 共同), Takafumi Ootsubo(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

[PPS09-P01] Analysis of Interstellar Infrared Spectrum by Hydrocarbon and Pure Carbon Molecules

*Norio Ota1 (1.University of Tsukuba,Graduate school of pure and applied sciences)

Keywords:interstellar dust, infrared spectrum, PAH

Interstellar infrared spectrum show ubiqutous bands due to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). However, there was no identification of specific PAH. Inthis study, we could reproduce spectrum using one or two PAHs by the quantum chemistry calculation. Chemical evolution model is that carbon void was created by high speed proton attack, and that molecule was ionized by high energy photon irradiation.

Result-1, Hydrocarbon molecule
Starting molecule was coronene (C24H12). By a void creation and photoionization, coronene transformed to cationic PAH (C23H12)n+. Comparing with ubiquitouly well observed spectrum and calculated one of di-cation (C23H12)2+, we could find very good coincidence as follows (1).
Observed wavelength (micrometer): 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, 8.6, 11.2, 12.7
Calculated wavelength(micrometer): 3.2, 6.3, 7.7, 8.6, 11.2, 12.7

Result-2, Pure carbon molecule
Recently, unusual spectrum was observed in NGC1316 and NGC4589 (2). There are no clear distinct peaks in shorter wavelength. Cause of shorter wavelength band is C-H stretching mode. It is reasonable that molecule may have no hydrogen, that is, may be dehydrogenated. Pure carbon cationic molecules should be calculated. Result of di-cation (C23)2+ show best coincidence as follows (3).
Observed wavelength (micrometer) : 11.3, 12.8, 14.0, 15.6, 17.2, 19.0
Calculated wavelength (micrometer):11.3, 13.0, 14.0, 15.6, 17.0, 19.0
We could explain variation of observed spectrum by a combination of above mentioned hydrocarbon and pure carbon molecules.
(1) Norio Ota, arXiv.org 1703.05931 (2017)
(2) B. Asabere et al, arXiv.org 1605.07651 (2016)
(3) Norio Ota, arXiv.org 1708.08043 (2017)