[PPS09-P06] Organo-metal compounds in meteorites
Keywords:chemical evolution, meteoritic organic matter, organo-metal compound
Abundant ion peaks of CnHmN and CnHmN2 compositions and minor CHNO peaks were observed in the methanol extract of Murchison. These CHN and CHNO compounds were present as extensively alkylated homologues (i.e. every m/z 14.0156). On the other hand, a few alkylated homologues were never assigned to organic compounds consisting only of CH, N, and/or O. These chromatographic peaks had a major ion mass peak (~70% intensity) accompanying a secondary ion peak (~30%) by difference of m/z 1.9981. Such a mass difference indicates copper-bearing species for chemical formula considering the solar abundance of elements (Anders & Grevesse, 1989). The alkylated homologues were assigned to CnHmN463Cu and CnHmN465Cu in addition to CnHmN363Cu and CnHmN365Cu, in which the measured value matched with the calculated value within 1 ppm mass precision. The Cu-CHN compounds were not found in N1 and N2-bearing components but detected only in N3 and N4-bearing components, being consistent with the stability of tetraammine complex with a copper. Because reduced copper was added to the methanol extract in order to remove molecular sulfur in this study, the detected CuCHN compounds may be produced during sample preparation rather than their presence in the meteorite. Yet the meteoritic organic compounds have a potential to form organo-metal complex during the fluid activity on the meteorite parent body. The organo-metal compounds could have important roles for concentration and redistribution of metals as well as for chemical evolution in asteroids.