Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG52] Intraslab and intraplate earthquakes

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Saeko Kita(International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, BRI), Tomohiro Ohuchi(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Thomas P. Ferrand (東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Keishi Okazaki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[SCG52-P02] Waveform Similarity of Deep Earthquakes in the Subducting Pacific Slab Beneath Japan

*Ayako Tsuchiyama1, Junichi Nakajima1, Toru Matsuzawa2 (1.Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Tohoku University)

The number of earthquakes in slabs decreases with depth to a depth of ~300 km, but it increases again in a depth range of 400–500 km. The mechanism of this phenomenon has not yet been understood, even though many hypotheses for the origins of deep earthquakes have been proposed. The hypotheses include dehydration-embrittlement hypothesis, shear instability and transformational faulting. In this study, we selected around 600 deep earthquakes (M>3.0) that occurred at depths of >300 km beneath Tokai area in Japan and relocated the hypocenters with double-difference earthquake relocation algorithm (Waldhauser and Ellsworth, 2000). Then, we analyzed waveform data to understand physical factors that control the high seismic activity in the mantle transition zone.
First, we relocated hypocenters with differential travel-time data derived from waveform cross correlations to constrain hypocenter locations with much higher accuracy. Then we found that there were a few seismic clusters with similar waveforms. In the next step, we determined their focal mechanism solutions and calculated their correlation coefficient to evaluate waveform similarity. We focused on several earthquakes showing high correlation coefficient (>0.8) of observed waveforms. We will present detailed hypocenter distributions together with focal mechanism solutions, and discuss their similarities of waveforms.