Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Convention Hall B (CH-B) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Ide Satoshi(Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Tanaka Yoshiyuki

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[SCG53-15] Temporal gravity anomalies observed in the Tokai area and a possible relationship with slow slips

*Yoshiyuki Tanaka5, Takehito Suzuki2, Yuichi Imanishi1, Shuhei Okubo1, Xinlin Zhang3, Miwako Ando1, Atsushi Watanabe1, Chiaki Kato4, shuichi oomori4, Yoshifumi Hiraoka4 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin, 3.Institute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration, 4.Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, 5.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:gravity, slow earthquakes, poroelasticity, slow slip, subduction zone, water

The water in Earth’s mantle is closely related with plate subduction and volcanism. Recent studies revealed that the mantle wedge corner at approximately 30 km depth holds high-pressure water, where many slow earthquakes occur. To quantify how such water behaves during slow earthquakes helps us understand the mechanisms of these earthquakes and (eventually) a part of the long-term water cycle between the interior and surface of the Earth. However, little evidence has thus far been reported on the transient flows of such deep water. Here, we report anomalous, negative mass anomalies during two recent long-term slow slip events in the Tokai area in Japan, which were detected by absolute gravity measurements over 20 years. We present a poroelastic fluid flow model assuming a localized deformation within the fault fracture zone. The model can reproduce the gravity change with a permeability range between those suggested by laboratory experiments and numerical simulations of slow earthquakes.