Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Thu. May 24, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall B (CH-B) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Ujiie Kohtaro(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Tsutsumi Akito

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[SCG53-20] Episodic tremor and slip explained by crack-seal veins and viscous shear in subduction mélanges

*Kohtaro Ujiie1,2, Hanae Saishu3, Fagereng Ake4, Naoki Nishiyama1, Makoto Otsubo3, Haruna Masuyama1, Hiroyuki Kagi5 (1.University of Tsukuba, 2.JAMSTEC, 3.AIST, 4.Cardiff University, 5.The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Episodic tremor and slow slip, Crack-seal shear and extension veins, subduction mélange

Episodic tremor and slow slip (ETS) occurs in the transition zone between the locked seismogenic zone and deeper, stably sliding zones. Actual conditions of ETS are enigmatic, due to lack of direct geological observations and low resolution of geophysical information from the ETS source. We report that crack-seal shear and extension veins in subduction mélanges record repeated low-angle thrust-sense frictional sliding and tensile fracturing at near-lithostatic fluid pressures. Crack-seal veins are coeval with viscous shear zones that accommodated deformation by pressure solution creep. The minimum time interval between thrusting events is less than a few years. The short recurrence time of low-angle brittle thrusting at near-lithostatic fluid overpressures within viscous shear zones, recorded in subduction mélanges, could explain frequent release of accumulated strain by ETS.