Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Thu. May 24, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall B (CH-B) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Ujiie Kohtaro(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Tsutsumi Akito

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[SCG53-21] Mantle-derived fluid migration along subduction plate boundary: Constraints from helium isotope analysis of shear veins in the subduction mélange

*Naoki Nishiyama1, Kohtaro Ujiie1,2, Hirochika Sumino3 (1.University of Tsukuba, 2.JAMSTEC, 3.The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Fluid flow , Subduction plate boundary, Helium isotopes, Fluid inclusion

Fluids released from dehydration reactions of a subducting slab have been considered to play an important role on fluid circulation and slow earthquakes in subduction zones. Mantle-derived helium was reported for surface spring waters above non-volcanic long-period deep tremors in Shikoku Island [1] and bottom seawater close to the Japan Trench after the Tohoku-Oki earthquake [2], indicating that the dehydrated fluid migrates from the mantle to the surfaces. However, it remains poorly understood how mantle-derived fluids migrate toward shallow depths. Fluid inclusions in mineral veins in subduction mélanges provide an opportunity to study the process of fluid migration, as they preserve the fluid that was present in the subduction plate boundary. In this study, we measured helium isotope ratio of fluid inclusions in shear veins distributed in the Makimine mélange in the Shimanto accretionary complex of southwest Japan, which was deformed at 10–15 km depth and 300–350 ℃. The measured 3He/4He ratio of fluid inclusions ranges 1.6–2.5 Ra (Ra is the atmospheric 3He/4He ratio of 1.4 × 10−6). Assuming that the measured 3He/4He ratio results from the mixing of mantle helium (3He/4He = 8 Ra) and crustal helium (3He/4He = 0.02 Ra), 20–31 % of helium in vein-forming fluid was derived from mantle, showing the infiltration of mantle-derived fluid. Our results demonstrate that mantle-derived fluid migrates along the subduction plate boundary toward shallow depths of 10–15 km, which would constrain the origin of fluid in source regions of slow earthquakes.

[1] Doĝan et al. (2006) Chem. Geol. 233, 235–248. [2] Sano et al. (2014) Nat. Commun. 5, 3084.