Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Convention Hall B (CH-B) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Mochizuki Kimihiro(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Ando Ryosuke(Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[SCG53-27] Preliminary results of lithostratigraphy in IODP Expedition 375: Hikurangi subduction margin coring and observatories

★Invited Papers

*Yoshitaka Hashimoto1, Christie Oliveira7, Steffen Kutterolf13, Francesca Meneghini17, Atsushi Noda19, Hannah Rabinowitz20, Michael Underwood22, Demian M Saffer2, Laura Wallace3, Katerina Petronotis4, Philip Barnes5, Rebecca Bell6, Martin Crundwell3, Ake Fagereng8, Patrick Fulton4, Annika Greve9, Robert Harris10, Andre Hüpers11, Matt Ikari11, Yoshihiro Ito12, Hiroko Kitajima4, Hikweon Lee15, Xuesen Li14, Min Luo25, Pierre Malie16, Julia Morgan18, Heather Savage20, Claire Shepherd3, Srisharan Shreedharan2, Evan Solomon21, Maomao Wang23, Adam Woodhouse24 (1.Kochi University, 2.Pennsylvania State University, 3.GNS Science, 4.Texas A&M University, 5.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, 6.Imperial College London, 7.Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, 8.Cardiff University, 9.JAMSTEC, 10.Oregon State University, 11.University of Bremen, 12.Kyoto University, 13.GEOMAR, 14.Guilin University of Technology, 15.KIGAM, 16.UniLaSalle Terre & Sciences, 17.Università degli Studi di Pisa, 18.Rice University, 19.AIST, 20.Columbia University, 21.University of Washington, 22.New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 23.Hohai University, 24.University of Leeds, 25.Shanghai Ocean University)

Keywords:slow slip events, Hikurangi Margin, IODP

Slow slip events (SSEs) are common phenomena in subduction zones and are observed as transient aseismic slip on a fault for weeks to months and are faster than plate convergence rate and slower than the slip rate for regular earthquakes. SSEs at the northern Hikurangi subduction zone are the best-documented ones in the world. Recent geophysical studies have revealed that the SSEs occur at shallow plate boundary where one can reach the materials by drilling, and the SSEs recur every 2 years systematically. These characteristics of SSEs at the northern Hikurangi margin provide a good opportunity to core sediments and install observatories to understand the nature and mechanisms of SSEs.

In International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 375, three scientific objectives have been targeted: 1) Characterization of materials (lithology, structure, frictional and soil-mechanical properties, and so on) associated with SSEs area, 2) Characterization of conditions (temperature, stress, and so on) in the upper plate above SSEs source area, and 3) Monitoring of deformation, hydrogeology and chemistry via borehole observatories. These scientific objects are linked to test the hypotheses: 1) SSEs propagate to the trench, 2) Pore fluid pressure is elevated in the source region, 3) SSEs occur in regions of conditional frictional stability, 4) There is a continuum of SSEs, and 5) Slow slip events drive fluid flow along faults.

The transect for the cruise is located in the region where the Pacific Plate subducts westward beneath the North Island of New Zealand along the Hikurangi Trough at a convergence rate of 4.5-5.5 cm/y. To achieve the scientific objectives, four drill sites are chosen for the cruise: 1) Upper slope site, 2) frontal thrust site and 3) two subduction input sites (thick sedimentary input close to a front of Hikurangi Trough and thin sedimentary input above a seamount). Coring will be conducted in all sites and observatories will be installed in the sites except for the input site above a seamount. Logging while drilling (LWD) was conducted also at the sites except for the site above a seamount in IODP Expedition 372, which was operated at the same sites previously.

On the basis of regional and seismic interpretations, the upper slope site includes ~440 m of Quaternary deposits with muds, sand and ash, and sandy and muddy turbidites underlying that. In the frontal thrust site, Pleistocene trench-fill sediments of sand and mud turbidites with ash is expected. At the thick sedimentary input site a succession of clastic trench turbidites will additionally overlie the older pelagic and volcanic sediments observed at the thin sedimentary input site. To achieve the objectives we will firstly achieve the lithostratigraphic information by drilling to understand basic circumstances for the Hikurangi subduction zone.

In this presentation, we mainly focus on the preliminary results of lithostratigraphic work from the onboard descriptions that is just after the end of cruise.