Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SCG53-P26] Fast and slow slip events emerge due to fault geometrical complexity

*Pierre Romanet1, Harsha S. Bhat2 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 2.Laboratoire de Géologie, École Normale Supérieure)

Keywords:Seismic cycle, Complex fault geometry

Faults are always acting in network, and the geometry of faults themselves is extremely complex at all scale. However so far very few models of the seismic cycle have tried to incorporate the true geometry of faults. This is mainly due to computational reasons that make non-planar geometries out of reach because of computational time. To overcome this issue, we develop a new quasi dynamic model of earthquakes, with rate and state friction law, that is accelerated through the use of Hierarchical matrices. We show, through many examples, that the geometry alone brings a lot of natural complexities that is actually seen in the seismic cycle. It changes the recurrence time of earthquakes making it more chaotic, it enhances slow earthquakes. An other big challenge of seismic cycles models would be to catch scaling laws such as Omori or Gutenberg. We show that interaction of faults may resolve some of these scaling law issues.