Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG54] Hard-Rock Drilling: Oman to Oceanic Lithosphere to Island Arc Formation and Beyond

Mon. May 21, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A09 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Eiichi TAKAZAWA(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Nagoya University), Peter B Kelemen (共同), Damon A H Teagle (Ocean & Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, University of Southampton, SO14-3ZH, Southampton, UK), Chairperson:Kelemen Peter(Columbia University), Morishita Tomoaki(Kanazawa University)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[SCG54-08] Fine-grained gabbroic layers in the lower and middle crustal sections of the Oman Ophiolite (Holes GT1A and GT2A), ICDP Oman Drilling Project

*Takashi Hoshide1, Susumu Umino2, Yuki Kusano3, Peter B Kelemen4, Damon A H Teagle5, Eiichi TAKAZAWA6, Jude Ann Coggon5, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi7, The Oman Drilling Project Phase1 Science Party8 (1.Faculty of International Resource Sciences, Akita University, 2.Kanazawa University, 3.Geological Survey of Japan, 4.Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, 5.Southampton University, 6.Niigata University, 7.Shizuoka University, 8.D/V CHIKYU)

Keywords:Layered gabbro, Mid-Ocean Ridge, Sheeted sill model, Gabbro glacier model

Discussion on the formation of the lower oceanic crust has been focused around the sheeted sills and the gabbro glacier models. Holes GT1A and GT2A were drilled by the Oman Drilling Project (supported by ICDP, Deep Carbon Observatory, NSF, IODP, JAMSTEC, and the European, Japanese, German and Swiss Science Foundations) from the lower and middle crustal sections of the Samail Ophiolite, Oman (Wadi Gideah area, in the Wadi Tayin massif). One of the major objectives of the project is to clarify the formation model of the oceanic crust at mid-ocean ridges. The drilled cores were analyzed at the laboratory in the IODP drilling vessel “Chikyu” during the period of 15th July to 15th August, 2017.

Both Holes GT1A and GT2A are mainly composed of olivine gabbro and olivine-bearing gabbro, with minor amount of other lithologies. Igneous layering caused by modal and grain-size variations was observed in the both drilled cores.

Fine-grained (about 0.5 mm in size) gabbroic layers are interbedded into medium-grained gabbros in some sections of the GT1A (e.g., GT1A_45Z-1, 47Z-1, 47Z-2 and 48Z-3). The contact between them is microscopically sharp. Both the modal composition and grain size change discontinuously at the contact. In the contact boundary, an interfingering texture between clinopyroxene of the fine-grained olivine gabbro and olivine of the medium-grained olivine gabbro is observed. The original modal olivine contents of the fine-grained gabbroic layers are 4 to 5 vol%, generally much lower than those of the surrounding medium-grained olivine gabbros.
We also found similar fine-grained gabbroic layers in Hole GT2A. Some of the fine-grained gabbros contain much larger plagioclase crystals than the matrix crystals. The large plagioclase “phenocryst” commonly displays a distinct zoned structure. The fine-grained gabbroic layers may suggest repeated injections of basaltic liquids into the oceanic crust.