Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG57] Dynamics in mobile belts

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hikaru Iwamori(海洋研究開発機構・地球内部物質循環研究分野), Chairperson:Muto Jun, Noda Akemi

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[SCG57-29] The role of power-law viscoelastic flow and fault friction in post-earthquake deformation after the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake

*Ryoichiro Agata1, Sylvain Barbot3, Kohei Fujita2, Mamoru Hyodo1, Takeshi Iinuma1, Ryoko Nakata1, Tsuyoshi Ichimura2, Takane Hori1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.The University of Tokyo, 3.Nanyang Technological University)

Keywords:post-earthquake deformation, the rate- and state-dependent friction law, nonlinear viscoelasticity, finite element method, the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

The deformation transient that follows the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake is thought to be the response of a large-scale nonlinear system where slip on the megathrust and viscoelastic flow in the asthenospheric mantle were accelerated by the sudden coseismic stress change. However, as numerical models of such complex systems are still in their infancy, taking such physics into account is still a major challenge. Here, we consider the post-earthquake deformation of the Tohoku-Oki earthquake based on numerical simulations incorporating a non-linear viscoelastic model and stress-driven afterslip in a fully three-dimensional (3D) heterogeneous structure of the subduction zone, using state-of-the-art techniques of computational science. The proposed method incorporates a laboratory-derived power-law viscoelastic constitutive relation and the rate- and state-dependent friction law together in 3D finite element modeling of post-earthquake deformation. A simulation of three-year deformation using the method results in good agreement in horizontal component of the calculated displacements with observation data, despite a large spatial variation in both trench-normal and parallel direction: Viscoelastic flow associated with transient spatial variation of effective viscosity is dominant in overall deformation pattern on the seafloor and the land, while afterslip seemed to play an important role in eastward seafloor displacements. Our results imply that the frictional and rheological properties of lithosphere rocks derived from laboratory experiments can explain well complex post-earthquake deformation of a large subduction zone earthquake. At the same time, discrepancies in the simulation results and measurement suggest that it is essential to consider the 3D nonlinear interaction of coseismic slip, afterslip and nonlinear viscoelastic flow to interpret densely and widely measured displacement of a post-earthquake deformation of a megathrust subduction zone earthquake.
Acknowledgment: The results were obtained using the K computer at the RIKEN (Proposal number hp150285 and hp160221).