Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG57] Dynamics in mobile belts

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hikaru Iwamori(海洋研究開発機構・地球内部物質循環研究分野)

[SCG57-P10] The relation between the Vp/Vs distribution and shallow earthquake generation in the central part of the backbone range, northeastern Japan arc

*Sumire Maeda1, Toru Matsuzawa1, Keisuke Yoshida1, Tomomi Okada1, Takeyoshi Yoshida1 (1.Graduate School of Science,Tohoku University)

Keywords:heterogeneous structure, seismic activity

Inland earthquake occurrence is thought to be strongly influenced by the heterogeneous structure in the upper crust. In particular, the pore pressure distribution will play an important role in the earthquake generation process. In this study, we investigate the relation between the heterogeneous structure and the seismic activity in the backbone range of the NE Japan.
The Iwate-Miyagi Inland earthquake (Mj 7.2) occurred in this area on June 14, 2008. The source region of this large earthquake is located in the strain concentration zone in the backbone range, where many calderas exist (Miura et al., 2002; Yoshida et al., 2005). According to Terakawa and Matsu'ura (2010), this area is located in a reverse fault type stress field of E-W compression, and this large earthquake is also of E-W compressional reverse fault type. However, many N-S compressional reverse fault type earthquakes also occurred as aftershocks of this large shallow earthquake (Yoshida et al., 2014). Such strange aftershocks are concentrated in a region much narrower than N-S compressional stress field expected from the source model of the main shock estimated by Iinuma et al. (2009), which indicates that the distribution of the strange earthquakes is also controlled by the distribution of weak zones.
If the weak zone corresponds to a high pore pressure region, Vp/Vs is expected to be higher in the region. In order to verify the hypothesis that the distribution of the N-S compressional reverse fault type aftershocks is controlled by the high pore pressure, we estimated Vp/Vs distribution using the method proposed by Lin and Shearer (2007).
As a result, Vp/Vs is found to be less than 1.70 in most of the aftershock area. And it turned out that the N-S compressional aftershocks are distributed in a region where Vp/Vs is higher than 1.70 and N-S compressional differential stress change caused by the main shock is larger than 8 MPa.
The Vp/Vs strongly depends on the mineral composition of the host rock and the rock is expected to show Vp/Vs lower than 1.70 if it contains a lot of quartz (e.g., Holbrook et al.,1992; Christensen, 1996; Yoshida et al., 2013). If the Vp/Vs of the host rock is less than 1.70, the regions with Vp/Vs higher than 1.70 probably correspond to the areas where crack-shaped fluid is distributed (Takei, 2002) and the strength is expected lower there. Thus, the N-S compressional events were probably generated due to the high pore pressure as well as the N-S compressional stress caused by the main shock.