Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG57] Dynamics in mobile belts

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hikaru Iwamori(海洋研究開発機構・地球内部物質循環研究分野)

[SCG57-P23] Construction of a dynamic fault model of the 2016 Tottoriken-chubu earthquake based on kinematic source inversion

*Keisuke Sato1, Shoichi Yoshioka2,1, Hideo Aochi3,4 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 2.Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University, 3.Ecole Normale Superieure Paris, Geological Laboratory, Paris, France, 4.Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres, Orleans, France)

We constructed a dynamic fault model based on the past kinematic inversion results for the Tottoriken Chubu earthquake (Mw 6.2), which occurred in central Tottori prefecture on 21 October 2016. In this study, we obtained the temporal change of shear stress, using slip distribution and its temporal change obtained by Kobayashi et al. (2016), which is kinematic inversion of the observed seismic waveform. We used the boundary integral equation (Fukuyama and Madariaga, 1995; 1998) for calculation of dynamic faulting. We obtained the slip velocity by time differentiation from the temporal change of slip obtained by Kobayashi et al. (2016). In order to perform forward dynamic fault rupture calculation later, time and space increments were calculated, by interpolating from 1.0 s to 0.022 s and from 1.5 km to 0.25 km, respectively. Also, with reference to the one-dimensional underground structure model (Earthquake Research Research Promotion Headquarters, 2012), the P-wave velocity was set to 5.75 km/s and the rigidity to 31.2 GPa. As a result of the calculation, the temporal changes of the slip and the shear stress were obtained for each subfault. Then, we obtained the relationship between the slip amount and the shear stress for each subfault. From this relationship, the critical slip weakening distance and the stress drop amount were also obtained. As a result of this calculation, the maximum value of critical slip weakening distance was 1.3 m, and the stress drop amount ranged from -10 to 26 MPa. The obtained value of the critical slip weakening distance was large for use in forward dynamic fault rupture calculation, indicating that the resolution of the slip time function used for the kinematic inversion is not satisfactory enough.
Using thus obtained spatial distribution of the stress drop amount, numerical simulations of dynamic fault rupture and seismic wave field are carried out to obtain values of peak stress and critical slip weakening distance which satisfy the observed seismic waveforms. We employed the boundary integral equation method (Aochi et al., 2000) for dynamic fault rupture calculation, and finite difference method (Aochi and Madariaga, 2003) for seismic wave field calculation, respectively. The initial crack was assumed ot be a circle with a radius of 1.0 km, and the values of fault size, physical property and spatiotemporal increment were the same as those for obtaining temporal change of shear stress from temporal change of slip amount. The distribution of stress drop amount obtained above was taken as the initial stress distribution, and the values of peak stress and residual stress were set to be constant on the fault plane. The value of the critical slip weakening distance was set so that the hypocenter was the smallest and the other part increased in proportion to the distance from the hypocenter. We assume the value of residual stress as 0 MPa. We changed the value of peak stress between 10 and 20 MPa, and the value (minimum value) of critical slip weakening distance between 0.10 and 0.20 m, respectively, to obtain the values which satisfy the observed seismic waveforms by a trial-and-error method. As a result, the value of peak stress and the critical slip weakening distance became 14 MPa and 0.12 m, respectively. Comparing the seismic waveforms obtained from the numerical simulations with the observed ones, the amplitudes were almost the same at the observation points located in the south of the fault. However, the amplitudes of the simulated seismic waveforms were smaller than those of the observed ones at the observation points located in the north of the fault. This suggests that slip also occurred in the north part of the fault in addition to the slip area in the central part of the fault, as can be seen in the kinematic inversion result.