Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG58] Investigation of inputs to subduction zones: Influence of tectonic processes on the incoming plate

Wed. May 23, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 302 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Makoto Yamano(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Gou Fujie(海洋研究開発機構), Chairperson:Obana Koichiro(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Morishita Tomoaki(Kanazawa University)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[SCG58-04] Magmatism at the Outer Rise and Impact of Subduction: SCORE/APL proposals for outer rise drilling

*Asuka Yamaguchi1, Gou Fujie2, Naoto Hirano3, Takanori Kagoshima1, Norikatsu Akizawa1, Tomoaki Morishita4, Shigeaki Ono5, Tomohiro Toki6, Makoto Yamano7, Jun-Ichi Kimura8 (1.Atomosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Research and Development (R&D) Center for Earthquake and Tsunami (CEAT), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 3.Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University, 4.Faculty of Natural System, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University, 5.Research and Development Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 6.Department of Chemistry, Biology, and Marine Science, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, 7.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 8.Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))

The Pacific Plate in the NW Pacific includes a few hundred meters-thick pelagic sediment, representing a typical structure of an old oceanic plate. Recent seismic reflection studies, however, showed remarkable variation in the thickness of the sediment layer on the outer rise. The typical thickness of the sediment layer is roughly 300–400 m, whereas considerably wide areas have a sediment thickness of only 50 m or less while their surface topography is not clearly identified. Sedimentation rate of surface sediment in the region is ~5–25 cm/kyr, suggesting that all the sediments have been deposited within recent several million years. We hypothesize that the thin sediment cover is owing to basalt sill intrusions or sheet lava extrusions in and on previous thick pelagic sediment package, and that the intrusive and extrusive basalts might have been fed by petit-spot volcanism occurred around the outer rise. Considering the wide distribution of the acoustic thin sediment cover, we could have vastly underestimated the volume of petit-spot magmatism. If this is the case, the petit-spot magmatism may influence subduction zone seismicity, and therefore global geochemical cycle.
To test this hypothesis, we submitted drilling proposals of J-DESC SCORE (Chikyu Shallow Core Program) and IODP APL (Ancillary Project Letter), both of which we targeted at the outer rise of the Japan Trench. In this presentation, we present background and recent findings related in the two proposals.