[SCG58-P05] Regional distribution of the incoming sediments along the Nankai Trough and its implications for the megathrust fault behavior
Keywords:Nankai Trough, incoming sediment, megathrust fault
In order to figure out structural and stratigraphic variations of incoming sediments along the entire Nankai Trough, we interpreted a number of 2D and 3D seismic reflection data that have been acquired by JAMSTEC since 1997. For lithologic and age controls of each seismic reflection unit, we used Ocean Drilling Program and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program NanTroSEIZE drilling results. Based on seismic reflection characteristics, we could identify five major seismic units from top to bottom: (1) trough turbidite fill, (2) upper Shikoku Basin sediments consisting of hemipelagic mud and volcanic ash, (3) middle Shikoku Basin sediment of volcaniclastics, (4) lower Shikoku Basin sediments consisting of turbidities and hemipelagic mud, and (5) oceanic crust of basalt. In particular, we recognize four different turbidite sediments underthrusting along the shallow decollement immediately beneath the Nankai accretionary wedge: eastern turbidite, central eastern turbidite, eastern upper eastern turbidite, and eastern lower eastern turbidite. Deep sea turbidite subduction may affect the decollement formation and Seismo-tsunamigenic behavior of the fault. In this study, we will show the regional distribution of the incoming sediments along the Nankai Trough and discuss its implications for the plate-boundary fault behavior.