9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[SCG63-02] Effects of dislocations on rock anelasticity: In-situ forced oscillation experiments during the dislocation creep using analogue polycrystals
Keywords:anelasticity, viscoelasticity, dislocation, seismic attenuation, polycrystal, analog experiment
A careful analysis of the previous creep curves has revealed a temporal evolution of the dislocation density during the dislocation creep. We calculated the dislocation density from the measured strain rate by using the Orowan's relation, where the dislocation velocity was assumed to be proportional to the differential stress σ. The result shows that after the loading, the dislocation density first increases for several hours and then decreases due to the decrease in σ .caused by the relatively fast collapse of the samples. If we can perform an in-situ measurement of anelasticity and capture any change corresponding to this temporal evolution of dislocation density, we can study the effects of dislocations on anelasticity more quantitatively. In addition, dislocation annihilation by unloading can be avoided. We therefore developed a new experimental system. We attached a piezo-electric actuator which can add a small cyclic load to a large constant load. We also attached a load cell and two laser displacement meters to measure the small cyclic load and displacement accurately. We performed a blank test and confirmed that the new system works well. For ongoing work, anelasticity of analogue samples is to be measured in situ during the dislocation creep.
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