Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG63] Rheology, fracture and friction in Earth and planetary sciences

Sun. May 20, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Osamu Kuwano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ichiko Shimizu(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Hidemi Ishibashi(静岡大学理学部地球科学専攻, 共同), Miki Tasaka(Shimane University), Chairperson:Shimizu Ichiko

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[SCG63-16] Advancement of magma fragmentation by heterogeneious bubble distribution

★Invited Papers

*Masaharu Kameda1, Mie Ichihara2, Shogo Maruyama1, Noriaki Kurokawa1, Yamato Aoki1, Satoshi Okumura3, Kentaro Uesugi4 (1.Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 3.Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University, 4.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:Experimental Volcanology, Fragmentation, X-ray microtomography, High-speed photography

Decompression times reported in previous studies [1] suggest that thoroughly brittle fragmentation is unlikely in actual explosive volcanic eruptions. What occurs in practice is brittle-like fragmentation, which is defined as the solid-like fracture of a material whose bulk rheological properties are close to those of a fluid [2].

In this study, we demonstrate the link between the inhomogeneous structure of bubbles and the development of cracks that may lead to brittle-like fragmentation Through laboratory experiments and numerical simulation [3]. A rapid decompression test was conducted in the BL20B2 beamline of SPring-8 to simulate the fragmentation of a specimen whose pore morphology was revealed by X-ray microtomography. The dynamic response during decompression was observed by high-speed photography.

Large variation was observed in the responses of the specimens even among specimens with equal bulk rheological properties. The stress fields of the specimens under decompression computed by finite element analysis shows that the presence of satellite bubbles beneath a large bubble induced the stress concentration. On the basis of the obtained results, a new mechanism for brittle-like fragmentation is proposed. In the proposed scenario, the second nucleation of bubbles near the fragmentation surface is an essential process for the advancement of fragmentation in an upward magma flow in a volcanic conduit.

This presentation will be made based on our recent publication [3] which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This study was supported by KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from JSPS (Nos. 24656119, 26630047, and 16H04039). The synchrotron radiation experiments were performed at BL20B2 of Spring-8 with the approval of JASRI (Proposal Nos. 2013B1037, 2014B1275, and 2015B1154).

[1] Toramaru, A., J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 154 (2006), 303; Hamada, M. et al., Bull. Volcanol. 72 (2010), 735; Suzuki, Y. et al., J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 257 (2013), 184.
[2] Kameda, M. et al. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 258 (2013), 113.
[3] Kameda, M. et al. Sci. Rep. 7 (2017), 16755.