Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM16] Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth and Planetary Interiors, and Tectono-Electromagnetism

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Ken'ichi Yamazaki(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Koki Aizawa(Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Aizawa Koki, Yamaya Yusuke

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[SEM16-02] Three-dimensional resistivity structure and volcanic activity of Iwo-yama, Kirishima volcanoes, Japan

*Kaori Tsukamoto1, Koki Aizawa2, Keita Chiba2, Wataru Kanda3, Makoto Uyeshima4, Takao Koyama4, Mitsuru Utsugi5, Kaori Seki6, Takahiro Kishita6, Yoshiko Teguri2, Dan Muramatsu1, Agnis Triahadini1, Yuhei Yuasa1, Yuichi Iwasa1, Yuto Hayashida1, Alutsyah Luthfian1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Graduate School of Sciences,Kyushu University, 2.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Facurity of Sciences, Kyushu University, 3.Volcanic Fluid Research Center, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 5.Aso Volcanological Lavolatory, Institute of Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyoto University, 6.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

In Iwo-yama, Kirishima volcanoes, some anomalous phenomena have observed since 2013 (e.g. increase of earthquakes since 2013, occasional volcanic tremors since 2014, appearance of fumaroles, ground inflation since 2015, and small eruption in 2017), and all suggest volcanic unrest. In this study, we combined the high-resolution 3-D resistivity structure by broadband magnetotelluric (MT) survey with precise hypocenter relocation. MT data were collected in 2015, 2016 and 2017 around Iwo-yama, and the MT response functions (0.002~3000 s) of total 43 sites were estimated. To relocate hypocenters, we employed the double difference method (Waldhauser and Ellsworth, 2000) by using the velocity structure from active seismic survey (Tomatsu et al., 1997). The result shows that the shallow earthquakes (at a depth of 1 km to 3 km) occur beneath an electrically conductive layer (at a depth of -0.8 km to 1 km) that is interpreted as a hydrothermally altered clay-dominated layer. Moreover pressure source detected by precise leveling survey (Morita et al., JpGU 2018) is also located on the base of this conductive layer. It means that volcanic fluids capped beneath the low-permeable clay layer triggered the earthquakes and ground deformation since 2013. Probably, this is the first study that the location of a clay layer corresponds to hypocenters not only in the vertical direction but also in horizontal direction. So we suggest that the cap structure of electric conductive clay layer controls the entire shallow volcanic activity in Iwo-yama.

This work was supported by MEXT "Integrated Program for Next Generation Volcano Research and Human Resource Development", and "Program for Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research". The MT equipments were used by Joint Usage Program in Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo.