Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM17] Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism and Rock Magnetism

Mon. May 21, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Nobutatsu Mochizuki(Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence, Kumamoto University), Hisayoshi Shimizu(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SEM17-P06] Investigation of magnetite lamellae within plagioclase in granite and gabbro, Tanzawa and Iritono Complex, for single crystal paleointensity study

*Yujiro Tamura1, Shinji Yamamoto1, Masahiko Sato2, Chie Kato3, Tatsuo Kanamaru4, Hideo Tsunakawa3 (1.Yokohama National University Environment and Information Sciences Departmennt of Natural Environment, 2. Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University Tokyo, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4.Department of Geosystem Sciences, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University)

Keywords:Plagioclase, Single Crystal Paleointensity, Magnetite lamellae, Granite

Since plagioclase includes fine needle-shaped magnetite as an exsolution lamella, single plagioclase crystals are used for recently paleointensity study (e.g. Tarduno et al., 2006; Usui et al., 2015). Especially, plagioclase in plutonic rocks can record average paleointensity due to their long cooling time scale(Tunakawa et al., 2009). However, such magnetite lamellae in plagioclase were not observed in any plutonic rocks, nor uniform state in each plagioclase crystals. According to previous studies, magnetite lamellae exists in plagioclase in Iritono granite, Abukuma massif, on the other hand, they are scarce in those in Azegamaru granite, Tanzawa pluton. As a general, exsolution lamellae are formed by the decrease of maximum solubility with cooling or change of oxygen fugacity, and its formation is restricted by whole rock and crystal’s chemical compositions, but little is known about the formations of magnetite lamellae in plagioclase. In this study, we investigate magnetite lamellae existence in plagioclase crystals, analyzed the composition of plagioclase in Iritono granite and Tanzawa granite, and discuss main factors of magnetite lamellae formation in plagioclase.

Samples from Abukuma used in this study were two sister sample, investigated in Wakabayashi et al. (2006), two granite and one gabbro which we sampled at Iritono granite. Samples from Tanzawa were tonalite and gabbro which were analyzed in whole rock composition by Takahashi & Kanamaru 2004. In other to describe fine exsolution lamellae, we made thin sections polished up both surfaces. We observed those by polarizing microscope and electron microscope, and analyzed the composition of plagioclase by Electron-Probe-Micro-Analyzer.

In polarizing microscope observation, however magnetite lamellae are included in every sample in plagioclase, those are few in Abukuma gabbro and Tanzawa tonalite, but are a lot in Abukuma granite and Tanzawa gabbro. Notably, in some plagioclase, magnetite lamellae exist along zoning structure. In EPMA analysis, we found a positive correlation between anorthite content and Fe wt%, but there is no relation between the existence of magnetite lamellae and composition of plagioclase.

All plagioclase we analyzed by EPMA contains Fe, 0.09~0.76wt%, and there is no correlation between magnetite lamellae and plagioclase composition. Furthermore, amount of magnetite lamellae within plagioclase in Tanzawa granite and Abukuma gabbro is less than those in Abukuma granite, but Fe concentration in that of Abukuma gabbro and Tanzawa granite is higher than that of Abukuma granite.Therefore, Fe concentration in plagioclase is not the main factor of magnetite lamellae formation. Also, one plagioclase crystal shows area with and without exsolution lamellae, their formation is not regulated by cooling rates. And moreover, since magnetite lamellae existence follows zoning structure, those existence is controlled by around situation of plagioclase during crystal growth as oxygen fugacity or Fe distribution to each crystal. Especially, oxygen fugacity relates Fe3+and Fe2+ ratio. Magnetite needs both Fe3+ and Fe2+ for its formation. It is necessary to investigate the Fe3+/Fe2+ ratio and distribution of Fe3+ to crystals.

Tarduno JA, Cottrell RD, Smirnov AV (2006) The paleomagnetism of single silicate crystals: recording geomagnetic field strength during mixed polarity intervals, superchrons, and inner core growth. Rev Geophys 44:RG1002
Tsunakawa H, Wakabayashi K, Mochizuki N, Yamamoto Y, Ishihara K, Hirata T, Takahashi F, Kazuhiro S (2009) Paleointensity study of the middle Cretaceous Iritono granite in northeast Japan: Implication for high field intensity of the Cretaceous normal superchron Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 176 235–242.
Usui, Y., T. Shibuya, Y. Sawaki, and T. Komiya (2015) Rock magnetism of tiny exsolved magnetite in plagioclase from a Paleoarchean granitoid in the Pilbara craton, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 16, 112–125.