Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC45] Volatile Cycles in the Deep Earth - from Subduction Zone to Hot Spot

Mon. May 21, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), Hirochika Sumino(東京大学大学院総合文化研究科広域科学専攻相関基礎科学系), Chairperson:Sano Yuji, Sumino Hirochika

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[SGC45-07] Na/K ratios of sulfate-bearing saline fluid inclusions in harzburgite xenoliths from Pinatubo: Comparison with H2O-rich components in arc and back-arc basin basalts

*Tatsuhiko Kawamoto1, Jun-Ichi Kimura2, Qing Chang2, Masako Yoshikawa1, Mitsuru Okuno3, Tetsuo Kobayashi4 (1.Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.JAMSTEC, Yokosuka, 3.Fukuoka University, 4.Kagoshima University)

Keywords: aqueous fluid, magma, subduction zone, fluid inclusion

Sulfate ion and sulfate minerals were found in the H2O-CO2-Cl fluid inclusions in the harzburgite xenoliths from Pinatubo volcano located at the volcanic front of the Luzon arc, the Philippines (Kawamoto et al. PNAS 2013). Thanks to a newly installed Raman mapping system, SO4 2- ion, gypsum (CaSO4 · 2H2O) and/or anhydrite (CaSO4) were found in one fourth of the analyzed fluid inclusions. Mg-sulfate hydrite was reported in CO2-H2O-Cl fluid inclusions in the Ichinomegata lherzolite xenoliths from northeastern Japan (Kumagai et al. 2014, CMP); however, we did not find sulfur in the Pinatubo in our previous work. Sulfur contents in the Pinatubo fluid inclusions can be <0.5wt% S/H2O. This range is consistent with those in serpentinites (Alt et al. 2012 EPSL). Origin of the fluids in the Pinatubo harzburgite is supposed to be from serpentinites whose water was originally brought via sedimentary pore fluids on the basis of halogen systematics (Kobayashi et al., 2017 EPSL). High Pb contents in the amphiboles from the Pinatubo harzburgite can be explained by such sulfate bearing fluids in addition to the effects of salinity (Yoshikawa et al. 2016 Lithos).

Olivine-hosted melt inclusions show a positive correlation between water contents and Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios (Kelley and Cottrell 2009 Science). Presence of sulfate ions in the fluid inclsuions, which can be slab-derived fluids, can explain such sulfate-bearing fluids can provide H2O and oxidize the wedge mantle. This also provides insights into the genesis of calc-alkaline rock series characterized by a high oxygen fugacity (Miyashiro 1974 Am J Sci). Our observation solves the missing link between high-S in arc magmas (Le Voyer 2010 J Petrol) and presence of sulfate in the slab serpentinites (Alt et al. 2012) and high-pressure metamorphic rocks (Frezzotti and Ferrando 2007 Per Mineral). Current estimate of S content in the aqueous fluids in forearc (<0.5wt% S/H2O) is more than an order of magnitude lower than that in melt inclusions in arc basalts (6-60wt% S/H2O; Le Voyer 2010, J Petrol). This indicates that sulfur can be enriched during partial melting of the mantle with larger S/H2O than that of slab-derived fluids. Alternatively fluids released beneath sub-arc contain larger amount of S by increasing solubility in supercritical fluids.

The Na/K ratio was determined in the fluid inclusions (>0.02 mm) in olivine crystals using a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry equipped with a 193 nm excimer laser ablation system. The obtained Na/K ratios (Na0.73K0.27) are a little more K-rich than those of aqueous fluids in the generation of the Mariana trough back-arc magmas (Na0.82K0.18, Stolper and Newman 1995, EPSL), H2O-rich components in Mt. Shasta (Na0.77K0.23, Grove et al. 2002, CMP), and similar to those between two H2O-rich components in Mt. Shasta (Na0.70K0.30 of melt or supercritical fluids components and Na0.87K0.13 of aqueous fluids components, Le Voyer et al. 2010, J Petrol).