Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC46] Solid Earth Geochemistry, Cosmochemistry

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 202 (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Katsuyuki Yamashita(岡山大学大学院自然科学研究科, 共同), Akira Ishikawa(Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Wakaki Shigeyuki(JAMSTEC), Ishikawa Akira(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Shimoda Gen(産業操業技術研究所)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[SGC46-04] Platinum group elements and Re-Os isotopes in the K-Pg transition of the Chicxulub peak-ring rocks

*Honami Sato1, Akira Ishikawa2, Ludovic Ferrière3, Joanna V. Morgan4, Sean P. S. Gulick5, IODP-ICDP Expedition 364 Scientists (1.Chiba Institute of Technology, 2.The University of Tokyo, 3.Natural History Museum Vienna, 4.Imperial College London, 5.University of Texas at Austin)

Keywords:Platinum group elements, Re-Os isotopes, Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary, Chicxulub crater

The presence of extraterrestrial material in terrestrial sediments is usually indicated by an enrichment of platinum group elements (PGEs: Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Pd) due the PGE concentrations in chondrite are about three orders higher than those of the upper continental crust. The K-Pg boundary clay layer exhibiting PGE anomalies, containing Ni-rich spinels and spherules, has been found in sites worldwide and interpreted as the ejecta layer produced by large impact that formed the Chicxulub crater and marks the end of the Cretaceous. However, the spatial distribution and amount of projectile materials within the crater is still poorly constrained. In order to determine the distribution and abundance of the projectile component within the impact site, we examined PGE concentrations and Re–Os isotope (187Os/188Os) compositions in the Cretaceous–Paleogene transitional layer of the Chicxulub peak ring rocks obtained from IODP–ICDP expedition 364 cores.

Platinum group element (PGE) concentrations and 187Os/188Os compositions show systematic variations across the transitional layer. The upper part (616.59–616.63 mbsf) is characterized by about one order of magnitude higher Os, Ir, and Ru contents compared to the average continental crust abundances, but much lower than for the typical Ir-enriched Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary distal sites (e.g., Gubbio and Caravaca: Alvarez et al., 1980; Smit and Hertogen, 1980). Relatively flat CI chondrite–normalized PGE patterns are observed in the upper part of the layer. Meanwhile, the PGE concentrations in the lower part of the transitional layer (617.315–617.34 mbsf) are almost equivalent to those of upper continental crust showing pronounced step CI chondrite-normalized PGE patterns (0.8–1.2 × 10-4 for Ir, and 1.2–2.7 × 10-3 for Pt and Pd). 187Os/188Os and Re/Os ratios in the transitional layer gradually decrease from 0.33 to 0.25 and 35.45 to 1.14, respectively, from bottom to top. These results suggest that the projectile component, with chondritic composition, is enriched in the uppermost part of the transitional layer just below carbonate rocks that are early Paleogene in age, but could be distributed over a thicker interval than for the Ir-enriched sites. Further detailed studies of PGE and 187Os/188Os compositions through the stratigraphic sequence will reveal the distribution and dilution effect of the projectile component.