Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GL Geology

[S-GL30] Geochronology and Isotope Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 304 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takahiro Tagami(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Tagami Takahiro, Sano Yuji

1:45 PM - 2:15 PM

[SGL30-01] Ultra-low temperature luminescence thermochronometry of the northern Japanese Alps

★Invited Papers

*Georgina E King1, Shigeru Sueoka2, Sumiko Tsukamoto3, Frédéric Herman4, Floriane Ahadi5, Cécile Gautheron5, Guillaume Delpech5, Takahiro Tagami6 (1.Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Bern, 2.Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan, 3.Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Hannover, Germany, 4.Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, Université de Lausanne, Switzerland, 5.UMR Interactions et Dynamique des Environnements de Surface, Université de Paris, Sud, France, 6.Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Kyoto University, Japan)

Keywords:Thermochronometry, Luminescence, Japanese Alps, Exhumation

Thermochronometry enables exhumation rates to be determined from the measurement of rates of rock cooling. Luminescence thermochronometry is a recently introduced ultra-low temperature thermochronometry system, which is capable of resolving the low temperature (<100 oC) thermal histories of rocks. It can be used to determine cooling rates over 104-5 yr timescales at high resolution, allowing recent exhumation histories in rapidly exhuming environments such as the northern Japanese Alps to be constrained for the first time.

Luminescence thermochronometry is based on the established Quaternary dating technique of Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating and is applicable to quartz and feldspar minerals. Electrons become trapped within such minerals when they are exposed to natural ionizing radiation. However, the trapped charge population is thermally sensitive and electrons are able to escape their traps at elevated temperatures (i.e. >30 oC). Luminescence thermochronometry thus comprises relating the trapped charge population to a thermal history. Using quartz or feldspar minerals extracted from bedrock, sample-specific laboratory measurements first comprise quantifying the total concentration of trapped charge. The rate of charge trapping (i.e. luminescence signal dose response), thermal and athermal detrapping are then also quantified using laboratory measurements. Because it is possible to constrain these processes accurately in the laboratory, it is possible to invert laboratory data into cooling histories, in turn enabling geomorphological questions to be addressed.

Applying this technique to bedrock samples from the Hida range of the Japanese Alps reveals preliminary rapid cooling rates of ~400 oC/Myr over the past 200 ka. Coupling these data with a thermal model, and combining them with other higher-temperature thermochronometric data (e.g. Ito et al., 2013) will provide insights into landscape evolution within this important geological setting.


Ito, H., Yamada, R., Tamura, A., Arai, S., Horie, K., Hokada T., 2013. Earth’s youngest exposed granite and its tectonic implications: the 10-0.8 Ma Kurobegawa Granite. Scientific Reports 3: 1306.