3:00 PM - 3:15 PM
[SIT18-06] Effect of pressure and sulfur content on sound velocity in liquid Fe-S to 20 GPa
Keywords:Mars, Moon, core, sound velocity, Fe-S, liquid
High-pressure and high-temperature experiments were conducted at BL04B1 beamline of SPring-8 and AR-NE7A beamline of KEK PF. Sound velocity was measured using ultrasonic pulse-echo method. The starting materials were pellets consisting of Fe, and mixture of Fe and FeS powders. Chemical analyses of the run products were conducted using FE-EPMA to evaluate contamination from surrounding materials.
The VP of liquid Fe57S43 were lower than that of liquid Fe80S20 in all of the conditions of up to 20 GPa. However, the pressure dependence of VP of liquid Fe is different from that of both liquid Fe80S20 and Fe57S43. The VP of liquid Fe80S20 is ~10% slower than that of liquid Fe at 5 GPa (the lunar core condition) while they are almost equal to each other at 20 GPa (the Martian CMB). The effect of sulfur on VP depends largely on pressure. The VP in liquid Fe-S monotonically decreases with increasing sulfur content at the lunar core condition while the VP may have local maximum at intermediate composition under the Martian core condition (20-40 GPa).