Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT20] Structure and Dynamics of Earth and Planetary Mantles

Mon. May 21, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Takashi Nakagawa(海洋研究開発機構数理科学・先端技術研究分野), Chairperson:Zhao Dapeng(Tohoku University), Kubo Tomoaki

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[SIT20-05] High-Pressure phase transitions of zircon: phase relations based on thermodynamic measurements and application to the mantle

*Masaki Akaogi1, Saki Hashimoto1, Hiroshi Kojitani1 (1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Gakushuin University)

Keywords:zircon, reidite, thermodynamics, high pressure, mantle, shock event

ZrSiO4 zircon is an important accessary mineral in igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks as the host of radiogenic U and Th, and is used for U-Pb age dating. Zircon is also useful to investigate the P-T history of various rocks by using mineral inclusions. Previous high-pressure experimental studies reported that zircon first transforms at ~12 GPa and ~900 °C to reidite, a scheelite-type polymorph which is 11 % denser than zircon, and that reidite further dissociates into stishovite + cotunnite(cot)-type ZrO2 at ~22 GPa and ~1000 °C. Natural occurrences of reidite have been reported in impact ejecta layers in marine sediments and shock-metamorphosed craters. However, high-pressure high-temperature phase relations in ZrSiO4 have not yet been fully examined. In this study we measured enthalpies and entropies of the above phase transitions of zircon, and calculated the transition boundaries. The results were applied to clarify stability depth ranges of zicon, reidite and the dissociation phases, and also to evaluate pressure conditions of some shocked zircon crystals.
The drop-solution enthalpies of synthetic zircon, reidite and ZrO2 (cot) were measured by high-temperature oxide melt calorimetry method. The entropies of reidite and ZrO2 (cot) were determined by low-temperature heat capacity measurements. The obtained enthalpies for the zicon-reidite transition and the dissociation to stishovite + ZrO2 (cot) were 27.5±3.3 and 50.3±3.0 kJ/mol, respectively, and the entropies of these phase changes were -6.7±1.3 and -4.2±0.1 J/molK, respectively. Based on the measured enthalpy and entropy data with avalable other thermodynamic data, the equilibrium transition boundaries were calculated.

The results indicate that the calculated zircon-reidite transition boundary is consistent within the errors with that determined with in-situ X-ray diffraction study by Ono et al. (2004). However, the calculated dissciation boundary of reidite has a much shallower slope than that determined with high P-T quench experiments by Tange and Takahashi (2004). Our calculated transition boundaries suggest that zircon transforms to reidite at 330-km depth and reidite dissociates to stishovite + ZrO2 (cot) at 610-km depth, assuming the normal mantle geotherm.

Recently, reidite crystals containing lamellae of ZrO2 baddeleyite and amorphous SiO2 were found in shocked zircon crystals in Stac Fada impactite in Scotland. Based on our calculated boundaries, it is suggested that the lamellae minerals were formed under shock pressure of at least ~16-20 GPa.