Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT20] Structure and Dynamics of Earth and Planetary Mantles

Mon. May 21, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Takashi Nakagawa(海洋研究開発機構数理科学・先端技術研究分野), Chairperson:Nakagawa Takashi(JAMSTEC), Yoshino Takashi(Okayama University)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[SIT20-09] Fluorine sink in Earth’s lower mantle: solubility and substitution mechanism in bridgmanite

*Jaseem Vazhakuttiyakam1, Takashi Yoshino1 (1.Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University)

Keywords: fluorine, bridgmanite, substitution mechanism

Volatile elements degassed from the mantle throughout the Earth’s history. The halogens are key tracers of accretionary processes owing to their high volatility and incompatibility. Among halogens fluorine substitute for OH in hydrous mantle minerals and could extend their stability field. The experimental results demonstrated that F is less incompatible than OH- in olivine and orthopyroxene. The F concentrations of the model bulk silicate Earth (BSE) have been estimated to be 25 ppm, which is too high to satisfy a volatile-rich chondrite origin for late veneer model unlike the heavy halogens (Cl, Br and I). Recent high-pressure experiments suggested that nominally anhydrous minerals such as olivine, wadsleyite and ringwoodite can incorporate significant amount of fluorine even if water is absent in the system. The lower mantle would be one of candidate for F budget in the BSE. However, the F solubility in bridgmanite, which is the most dominant constituent mineral in the lower mantle, has not been determined.

In the present study, high-pressure experiments were performed in the system MgO-SiO2 + MgF2 (± Al2O3 ± H2O) at 2073 K and 25 GPa to determine the F solubility in bridgmanite. Electron microprobe measurements show that F concentrations in bridgmanite occasionally exceed 1 wt%, although the F content in the Al- and H2O-free system is below detection limit (50 ppm). F solubility in bridgmanite is higher than that in wadsleyite. The solubility of F in bridgmanite shows a strong compositional dependence with a positive correlation between Al3+ and F-, suggesting a coupled substitution of Al3+ and F- with Si4+ and O2- to incorporate F in bridgmanite. When the system contains H2O, bridgmanite can incorporate larger amounts of F even for the Al-free system. In this case, F substitution mechanism would be similar to the water incorporation mechanism. Since the concentration of hydrated Si vacancies is extremely low at all water concentrations (Muir & Brodholt, 2018), F may incorporate into Mg site. Our experiments show that nominally fluorine-free bridgmanite has ability as the entire fluorine budget of the lower mantle.