Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM International Conference Room (IC) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Hidetoshi Shibuya(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Taku Tsuchiya(愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクス研究センター, 共同), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Chairperson:Tsuchiya Taku, Sinmyo Ryosuke

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[SIT22-02] First principles determination of the stability field of the phase H (MgSiO4H2) at lower mantle conditions

*Jun Tsuchiya1, Koichiro Umemoto2 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute)

Keywords:hydrous minerals, first principles calculation, phase diagram

It is believed that water is carried into the Earth’s deep interior by hydrous minerals such as dense hydrous magnesium silicates (DHMSs) in the descending cold plate. A number of studies have been conducted to determine the high-pressure behaviors of DHMSs. In recent years, we discovered a new DHMS, phase H, stable at lower mantle pressure condition above ~ 40 GPa and the solid solution formed by phase H and d-AlOOH has been proposed as the most important carrier of water to the deepest part of Earth’s mantle (Tsuchiya 2013, Nishi et al. 2014, Ohira et al. 2014, Panero and Caracas 2017). However, the MgSiO4H2 phase H has been reported to decompose into H2O (ice VIII) and MgSiO3 perovskite at relatively low pressure condition about 52 GPa at 0 K by first principles calculation (Tsuchiya 2013). High temperature dissociation phase boundary between phase H and MgSiO3+H2O has not been determined so far, since the hydrogen disordered ice VII phase is stabilized above ~100 K around 50 GPa. Here we report the dissociation phase boundary of phase H at high pressure and temperature condition by determining the free energies of H2O ice-VII (Umemoto et al. 2010) and MgSiO3 perovskite (Tsuchiya et al. 2004) and discuss the possible scenario of the transportation of water into deep Earth interiors.