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[SIT22-04] Crystallographic-preferred orientation of MnGeO3 perovskite
Keywords:lower mantle, bridgmanite, MnGeO3-perovskite, crystallographic-preferred orientation, deformation experiments
A sintered aggregate of MnGeO3-Pv was synthesized from MnGeO3-Opx and adopted as a starting material of deformation experiments. Deformation experiments were conducted using D111-type deformation device installed at PF-AR, KEK and DT-Cup at UCL. The DT-Cup, developed by Hunt et al. (2014), is a modified Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus by which well-controlled deformation experiments at pressures higher than 15 GPa can be conducted by driving two second-stage anvils using differential actuators. The D111-type apparatus is an improved version of DT-Cup which can be used under higher press load. Pressure and temperature conditions of experiments were 16 GPa and 1200-1300oC, and strain rates were 4.5-13.9 x 10-5 s-1 in shear deformation and 3.7 x 10-5 s-1 in uniaxial compression. The CPO of recovered samples were determined using MAUD software by analyzing 2-dimensional diffraction pattern taken with monochromatic X-ray (50 keV) at BL04B1, SPring-8.
Three recovered samples from shear deformation experiments consistently showed CPO pattern with  aligned parallel to shear direction, and  and  weakly aligned sub-parallel to shear plane normal. In a uniaxial compression experiment,  strongly aligned parallel to compression direction. These results suggest that dominant slip system of MnGeO3-Pv is (100) under the studied conditions. This slip system differs from the dominant slip system of Brd reported by Tsujino et al. (2016), (100), whereas Ferre et al. (2007) reported that (100) is one of the easiest slip system in MgSiO3-Pv based on first principles calculation. If (100) is assumed to be the dominant slip system in Brd, the resultant seismic anisotropy for VP and VS is almost identical to that for the (100) dominant case. Therefore, present results also suggest predominance of horizontal flow in the uppermost lower mantle near sbducting slab as Tsujino et al. (2016) discussed.
Hunt et al. (2014) Rev. Sci. Inst., 85, 085103.
Tsujino et al. (2016) Nature, 539, 81-84.